Learn More
BACKGROUND Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a lipoglycan from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, is an immunomodulatory molecule that stimulates the innate immune response. High levels of LPS cause excessive release of inflammatory mediators and are responsible for the septic shock syndrome. The interaction of LPS with its cognate binding proteins has(More)
To the major virulence factors of Gram-negative bacteria belong the lipopolysaccharides (endotoxins), which are very well characterized for their immunological, pharmacological and pathophysiological effects displayed in eucaryotic cells and organisms. In general, these amphiphilic lipopolysaccharides comprise three regions, which can be differentiated by(More)
We have studied the folding pathway of a beta-barrel membrane protein using outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Escherichia coli as an example. The deletion of the gene of periplasmic Skp impairs the assembly of outer membrane proteins of bacteria. We investigated how Skp facilitates the insertion and folding of completely unfolded OmpA into phospholipid(More)
According to the 16 S rRNA phylogenetic tree, the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex pyrophilus represents the deepest and shortest branching species of the kingdom Bacteria. We show for the first time that an organism, which is phylogenetically ancient on the basis of its 16 S rRNA and that exists at extreme conditions, may contain lipopolysaccharide(More)
Many different bacterial species have the ability to cause an infection of the bovine mammary gland and the host response to these infections is what we recognize as mastitis. In this review we evaluate the pathogen specific response to the three main bacterial species causing bovine mastitis: Escherichia coli, Streptococcus uberis and Staphylococcus(More)
Enterococcus faecalis is among the predominant causes of nosocomial infections. Surface molecules like d-alanine lipoteichoic acid (LTA) perform several functions in gram-positive bacteria, such as maintenance of cationic homeostasis and modulation of autolytic activities. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of d-alanine esters of(More)
Sinorhizobium meliloti strain 1021 possesses the particularity to synthesize biologically inefficient capsular polysaccharides (KPS). It has been assumed that this class of compounds is not produced in high-molecular-mass (HMM) forms, even if many genetic analyses show the existence of expression of genes involved in the biosynthesis of capsular(More)
Triterpenoids belonging to the hopane family are widely distributed in prokaryotes. Three new hopanoids have now been isolated from the purple non-sulphur bacterium Rhodomicrobium vannielii and identified essentially by spectroscopic methods. The basic compound is the 35-aminobacteriohopane-32,33,34-triol, from which the other two hopanoids are derived by(More)
The interactions of outer membrane proteins (OMPs) with the periplasmic chaperone Skp from Escherichia coli are not well understood. We have examined the binding of Skp to various OMPs of different origin, size, and function. These were OmpA, OmpG, and YaeT (Omp85) from Escherichia coli, the translocator domain of the autotransporter NalP from Neisseria(More)