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Mevinolin, a fungal metabolite, was isolated from cultures of Aspergillus terreus. The structure and absolute configuration of mevinolini and its open acid form, mevinolinic acid, were determined by a combination of physical techniques. Mevinolin was shown to be 1,2,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-beta,(More)
Tubulin polymerization into microtubules is a dynamic process, with the equilibrium between growth and shrinkage being essential for many cellular processes. The antineoplastic agent taxol hyperstabilizes polymerized microtubules, leading to mitotic arrest and cytotoxicity in proliferating cells. Using a sensitive filtration-calorimetric assay to detect(More)
Three closely related fungal metabolites, zaragozic acids A, B, and C, that are potent inhibitors of squalene synthase have been isolated and characterized. Zaragozic acids A, B, and C were produced from an unidentified sterile fungal culture, Sporormiella intermedia, and Leptodontium elatius, respectively. The structures of the zaragozic acids and their(More)
A new, potent hypocholesterolemic agent is produced by cultures of Aspergillus terreus. The isolation of the compound and its characterization as 4a,5-dihydromevinolin containing a trans-fused octahydro-naphthalene system are described. Comparative data for dihydromevinolin and mevinolin in three biological assays are given: in vitro inhibition of HMG-CoA(More)
Pneumocandin D0 (9), a new member of the echinocandin class of antifungal agents, has been isolated as a minor constituent from fermentation broths of the filamentous fungi Zalerion arboricola (ATCC 20957). The structure of 9 has been determined mainly on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with published data for similar compounds. To(More)
A resorcylic acid lactone, L-783,277, isolated from a Phoma sp. (ATCC 74403) which came from the fruitbody of Helvella acetabulum, is a potent and specific inhibitor of MEK (Map kinase kinase). L-783,277 inhibits MEK with an IC50 value of 4 nM. It weakly inhibits Lck and is inactive against Raf, PKA and PKC. L-783,277 is an irreversible inhibitor of MEK and(More)
A novel oleic acid ester of the carotane sesquiterpene 14-hydroxy CAF-603 was isolated from Trichoderma virens grown in a solid brown rice-based medium, a solid millet-based medium, or a mannitol-based liquid medium. Its structure was determined on the basis of ms and nmr analysis. It retains distinct biological activity on the high conductance(More)
A novel nortriterpene, termed correolide, purified from the tree Spachea correae, inhibits Kv1.3, a Shaker-type delayed rectifier potassium channel present in human T lymphocytes. Correolide inhibits 86Rb+ efflux through Kv1.3 channels expressed in CHO cells (IC50 86 nM; Hill coefficient 1) and displays a defined structure-activity relationship. Potency in(More)
A new, competitive, nonpeptide cholecystokinin (CCK) antagonist, asperlicin, was isolated from the fungus Aspergillus alliaceus. The compound has 300 to 400 times the affinity for pancreatic, ileal, and gallbladder CCK receptors than proglumide, a standard agent of this class. Moreover, asperlicin is highly selective for peripheral CCK receptors relative to(More)