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Although human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV) type I is known to cause a number of diseases, there has been no convincing evidence of pathological changes after infection with the related virus, HTLV-II. We have found an endemic focus of HTLV-II infection among members of an American Indian population in New Mexico, USA. We set out to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Thirty-nine percent of permanent altitude dwellers in the Andes experience acral paresthesias. METHODS Clinical examinations, sural nerve biopsies, and electrodiagnostic studies on peripheral nerves were performed on 15 men. Ten Cerro de Pasco (CP) natives living at 4,338 meters were biopsied. Three of these subjects had no burning feet/burning(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebrovascular responses to hypoxia and hypocapnia in Peruvian altitude dwellers are impaired. This could contribute to the high incidence of altitude-related illness in Andeans. Ethiopian high altitude dwellers may show a different pattern of adaptation to high altitude. We aimed to examine cerebral reactivity to hypoxia and(More)
BACKGROUND Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease endemic today in many areas of South America. METHODOLOGY We discovered morphologic and molecular evidence of ancient infections in 4 female skulls in the archaeological cemetery of Coyo Oriente, in the desert of San Pedro de Atacama, Northern Chile. The boney facial lesions visible in the skulls could(More)
A major determinant of tooth architecture is the arrangement of lines in dentin and in the enamel following the contour of the surface. Since the original description of these lines in the 19th century, they have been attributed to recurring events during tooth development. They have also attracted the attention of dental scientists and anthropologists;(More)
The study of the biology of evolution has been confined to laboratories and model organisms. However, controlled laboratory conditions are unlikely to model variations in environments that influence selection in wild populations. Thus, the study of "fitness" for survival and the genetics that influence this are best carried out in the field and in matching(More)