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OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence and various clinical characteristics of cervicogenic headache (CEH) in the population at large. METHODS CEH was searched for in Vågå, Norway, where 1838 18 to 65-year-old citizens, i.e. 88.6% of this age group, underwent an interview/clinical examination. The Cervicogenic Headache International Study Group criteria(More)
The concept that headache might stem from the neck is old. The term "cervicogenic headache" was coined in 1983. A new content was then given to this concept: cervicogenic headache (CEH) is in principle a unilateral headache, generally starting in the neck and "spreading" forwards. A strict unilaterality--that is, absolutely no pain on the opposite side--is(More)
Thirty-two cluster headache patients and healthy controls (n = 16-20 for the various tests) were examined by means of a Whitaker pupillometer during pain-free intervals. Eye drops of the sympathomimetic agents tyramine, hydroxyamphetamine, and phenylephrine were instilled into the conjunctival sacs on separate occasions, and pupillary diameters recorded at(More)
Cervicogenic headache (CEH) is a headache, but its origin is in the neck. Recently, two cases of intracranial tumour, which unfortunately were originally diagnosed as CEH, were published. The authors felt that this sequence of events demonstrates the insufficiency of the current CEH criteria. We--on the other hand--feel strongly that, on the contrary, this(More)
Skull dimensions were measured on lateral skull radiographs in 33 adult patients with MRI-verified Chiari I malformations and in 40 controls. The posterior cranial fossa was significantly smaller and shallower in patients than in controls. In the patients, there was a positive correlation between posterior fossa size and the degree of the cerebellar(More)
STUDY DESIGN An anatomic study of the peripheral nerves innervating the occipital region. OBJECTIVES To study the topography of the extracranial occipital nerves, to define optimal locations for anesthetic nerve blockades, to provide guidelines to use with the suboccipital surgical approach, and to search for structures with putative pathogenetic(More)
The presence of the Chiari type I malformation in 2 adult monozygotic female twins, their mother, and possibly in 2 of their 4 daughters is reported. The diagnosis was made by magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed at the time of surgery in 1 twin. Monozygosity of the twins was proved by DNA typing. The disorder in the present family should probably be(More)
In the indomethacin responsive headaches (IRHs), chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) and Hemicrania continua (HC), the indomethacin (INDO) response is swift, absolute, and permanent, with moderate doses. Traditionally, CPH has been linked to cluster headache (CH) due to clinical similarities: unilaterality, intensity, and some autonomic phenomena. However,(More)
Incomplete case finding is a problem in epidemiological studies of epilepsy. We tried to optimize case ascertainment by combining information from individual interviews and medical records. During 2 years, 1838 inhabitants of Vågå, Norway, aged 18-65 (88.6% of the target population) were interviewed as part of an epidemiological study of headache.(More)