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BACKGROUND Parastomal hernias are a frequent complication of enterostomies that require surgical treatment in approximately half of patients. This systematic review aimed to evaluate and compare the safety and effectiveness of the surgical techniques available for parastomal hernia repair. METHODS Systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA.(More)
BACKGROUND Large ventral hernia repair represents a major reconstructive surgical challenge, especially under contaminated conditions. Synthetic mesh is usually avoided in these circumstances because of fear of mesh infection, although evidence is outdated and does not regard new materials and techniques. The authors evaluated the safety of synthetic mesh(More)
BACKGROUND Biologic grafts are increasingly used instead of synthetic mesh for parastomal hernia repair due to concerns of synthetic mesh-related complications. This systematic review was designed to evaluate the use of these collagen-based scaffolds for the repair of parastomal hernias. METHODS Studies were retrieved after searching the electronic(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal therapy of secondary peritonitis frequently results in the formation of residual abscesses, which bear a substantial mortality and morbidity. This study aims to prove that fibrinolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) can reduce abscess formation after surgical treatment of secondary peritonitis in a rat model,(More)
Intra-abdominal infections (IAI) are an important cause of morbidity and are frequently associated with poor prognosis, particularly in high-risk patients. The cornerstones in the management of complicated IAIs are timely effective source control with appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Empiric antimicrobial therapy is important in the management of(More)
BACKGROUND Repair of abdominal wall defects in the presence of contamination or infection continues to be a significant problem for surgeons. The loss of tissue warrants reinforcement of the abdominal wall, preferably by autologous material. However, autologous repair often requires extensive operations that carry a high morbidity. Moreover, the lack of(More)
BACKGROUND The study aimed to analyze if peritoneal cytokine levels can predict survival in an experimental model for peritonitis. Early identification of patients most at risk for adverse outcomes would facilitate the decision for aggressive therapy in order to maximally exploit their chance for survival. STUDY DESIGN Peritonitis was induced by(More)
Intra-abdominal abscesses are a potential source of recurrent or residual infection after surgical intervention for secondary peritonitis. The development of therapies requires a model which combines low mortality with the formation of persisting abscesses and which is also suitable to study the local inflammatory response. Male Wistar rats were injected(More)
Early administration of fibrinolytics after surgical treatment of peritonitis in the rat reduces abscess formation. The current study investigates the effect of various treatment protocols using intraperitoneal recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA). Peritonitis was induced in rats and surgical debridement was performed after 1 hour. Animals were(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-abdominal infection may lead to adhesion and abscess formation. An adhesion barrier can reduce these complications but also aggravate intra-peritoneal infection, causing the opposite effects. The fear of infection propagation has limited clinical adhesion barrier use in a contaminated or infected abdomen. This study evaluated both adhesion(More)