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1. The effect of pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) on the relaxant response to adenine nucleotides was examined in the carbachol-contracted guinea-pig taenia coli and rat duodenum, two tissues possessing P2y-purinoceptors. In addition, in the taenia coli PPADS was investigated for its effect on relaxations evoked by adenosine,(More)
The muscarinic pharmacology of two novel agonists related to McN-A-343, 4-F-PyMcN and 4-F-PyMcN+, has been studied by the use of pharmacological and radioligand binding techniques. Both compounds were potent agonists at M1 receptors in rabbit vas deferens (pEC50 = 6.24 and 6.96) and rat duodenum (pEC50 = 5.47 and 6.38), but very weak partial agonists or(More)
The muscarinic pharmacology of C1-methyl-substituted chiral compounds related to McN-A-343 and of (R)- and (S)-dimethindene has been studied. Among the McN-A-343 analogues, the (S)-enantiomers were more potent and had higher affinity than the (R)-isomers. The quaternary compound (S)-BN 228 was found to be the most potent M1-selective agonist known today(More)
AIM This article reviews outcomes of marketing authorization applications for anticancer drugs in the EU and outlines factors and hurdles of impact. METHODS Procedures for initial approval of anticancer and non-cancer drugs were analyzed and compared to anticancer drug approvals in the USA and Japan for the same period. RESULTS From 2006 to 2011, the(More)
Drug approval [U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), or market authorization for the European Union's European Medicines Agency (EMA)] is the most significant regulatory milestone for any drug, as drugs can only be marketed after marketing approval by a health authority. This article focuses on the main regulatory aspects of the drug approval process in(More)
The present study was designed to determine to determine the in vitro affinity profile of (R)-(-)-dimethindene and (S)-(+)-dimethindene at muscarinic receptor subtypes using both functional and binding assays. In addition, the racemate was investigated in functional studies. The functional muscarinic receptors studied were putative M1 receptors in rabbit(More)
1. We have compared the binding properties of the enantiomers of phenglutarimide (1) and of six related compounds to M1 receptors in NB-OK-1 cells, M2 receptors in rat heart, M3 receptors in rat pancreas and the M4 receptors of rat striatum, with their functional (antimuscarinic) properties in rabbit vas deferens (M1/M4-like), guinea-pig atria (M2) and(More)
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