Marc Dalecki12
Valentina Grigorova9
Rainer Beurskens8
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Previous studies have found that sensorimotor adaptation to visual distortions is degraded in seniors compared with younger subjects, whereas after-effects on removal of the distortion are age-independent. The latter finding was interpreted as evidence that adaptive recalibration is not affected by old age, and that the observed degradation is therefore due(More)
We investigated whether deficits of adaptive improvement in seniors are related to an age-dependent decay of the brain's executive functions. Younger and older subjects completed a battery of cognitive tests, and preformed aimed arm movements before and during exposure to rotated visual feedback. In accordance with previous work, we found that adaptive(More)
This review summarizes our present knowledge about elderly people's problems with walking. We highlight the plastic changes in the brain that allow a partial compensation of these age-related deficits and discuss the associated costs and limitations. Experimental evidence for the crucial role of executive functions and working memory is presented, leading(More)
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the contribution of the superior and posterior inferior cerebellum to adaptive improvement and aftereffects in a visuomotor adaptation task. Nine patients with ischemic lesions within the territory of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), six patients with ischemic lesions within the territory of the(More)
In research on human motor skills, it is often desirable to manipulate proprioceptive feedback in order to determine its contribution towards subjects' performance. Here we evaluate an easy-to-use, non-invasive method to temporarily reduce proprioceptive responsiveness. Two physiotherapy vibrators contacted the distal end of the subjects' forearm on the(More)
Previous research has shown that subjects can adapt with either arm to an opposite visual distortion, and the two adaptive states can then be used in sequence to control the respective arm. To extend this finding, we exposed the left and right arms of our subjects to opposite-directed rotations of the visual field alternately for 20 s each, and determined(More)
We investigated the mechanisms of sensorimotor adaptation by sequentially exposing human subjects to different visual distortions. Subjects performed a manual tracking task, while the relationship between their actual finger movement and its visual feedback was manipulated either by a position-to-position (PP), or by a position-to-velocity (PV)(More)
It has been proposed in the past that adaptation to rotated visual feedback is based on directionally tuned modules. Here, we investigate whether adaptation depends on the number of modules that are concurrently activated. To disambiguate the number of modules and their spatial overlap, we decided to vary the number of target directions and their spacing(More)
The mechanisms for adaptation to visual rotation were investigated by exposing subjects to different rotation angles in a stepwise fashion. We found that response direction continuously changed to compensate for the imposed rotation, but this change was limited to 90 deg. Larger changes were accomplished by inverting both spatial axes (which is equivalent(More)
Our brain's capacity for adaptation allows us to interact meaningfully with an ever-changing environment. Experimental evidence suggests that the time course of sensorimotor adaptation is preserved or only moderately degraded in old age, and that seniors benefit from a previous adaptive experience even more than younger subjects. However, experimental(More)