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This is the first study, to our knowledge, performed on a significant number of strains (79 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and 84 carbapenem-resistant non-fermenting Gram-negative rods, GNRs) isolated from tissue samples taken from patients in the intensive care units of two large hospitals in Bucharest, Romania, between 2011 and 2012. The results(More)
The discovery of intra- and intercellular communication systems (quorum sensing systems) regulating bacterial virulence has afforded a novel opportunity to control infectious bacteria, without interfering with their growth. In this study, we investigated the ability of subinhibitory concentrations (sIC) of phenyl lactic acid (PLA), known to be produced by(More)
PURPOSE To identify the relationships between some infectious agents implicated in cardiovascular diseases with the cellular substrate and prosthetic devices in the presence of antibiotics. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES Strains isolation and identification, comparative study of antibiotic resistance of planktonic (disk diffusion, E-test, automatic systems) and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different physico-chemical parameters on Escherichia coli susceptibility to ceftriaxone (CRO), cefotaxime (CTX), imipenem (IMP), and nalidixic acid (as marker for resistance by impermeability). The influence of chemical composition of culture medium was evaluated by the comparative assessment of(More)
Staphylococcus (S.) aureus and Pseudomonas (Ps.) aeruginosa are two of the most frequently opportunistic pathogens isolated in nosocomial infections, responsible for severe infections in immunocompromised hosts. The frequent emergence of antibiotic-resistant S. aureus and Ps. aeruginosa strains has determined the development of new strategies in order to(More)
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas (Ps.) aeruginosa causes severe infections, particularly in immunocompromised individuals and patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A serious side effect of antibiotic therapy in Ps. aeruginosa infections is the development of resistance to antibiotics. During the infection process Ps. aeruginosa forms biofilms, rendering(More)
A series of several new isoniazid derivatives, isonicotinic acid 2-(2-hydroxy-8-substituted-tricyclo[7.3.1.0(2.7)]tridec-13-ylidene)-hydrazides, were synthesized and fully characterized. These new isoniazid derivatives were studied regarding their antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity, as well as their influences on some metabolizing enzymes. The best(More)
Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious, life-threatening disease with highly variable clinical signs, making its diagnostic a real challenge. A diagnosis is readily made if blood cultures are positive, but in 2.5 to 31% of all infective endocarditis cases, routine blood cultures are negative. In such situations, alternative diagnostic approaches are(More)
The discovery of communication systems regulating bacterial virulence has afforded a novel opportunity to control infectious bacteria without interfering with their growth. In this paper the authors describe the effect of subinhibitory concentrations of phenyl-lactic acid (PLA) on the pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus in holoxenic mice. The animals(More)
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