Othmar Schuhfried

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OBJECTIVE To examine whether a whole-body vibration (mechanical oscillations) in comparison to a placebo administration leads to better postural control, mobility and balance in patients with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN Double-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING Outpatient clinic of a university department of physical medicine and rehabilitation.(More)
BACKGROUND Supervised exercise training (SET) is recommended as initial treatment to improve walking capacity in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients with intermittent claudication. Various mechanisms by which SET yields beneficial effects are postulated, however data regarding its influence on angiogenesis are scarce. Thus, we designed a prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and validity of the original and a modified Medical Research Council scale for testing muscle strength in radial palsy. DESIGN Prospective, randomized validation study. PATIENTS Thirty-one patients with peripheral paresis of radial innervated forearm muscles were included. METHODS Wrist(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic fields compared with placebo in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee. DATA SOURCES A systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. METHODS Randomized, controlled trials reporting on the blinded comparison of pulsed electromagnetic fields with(More)
Central nervous system disorders affect the anatomy and physiology of the lower motoneuron. This fact has an impact on the stimulation parameters, especially on the duration of the stimulating impulses, for functional electrical stimulation in chronic hemiparetic patients. The aim of this study was thus to test the excitability and to determine chronaxie(More)
The purpose of this randomized double-blind cross-over study was to investigate whether a low-dosed pulsed low-frequency magnetic field or a high-dosed pulsed low-frequency magnetic field improves the cutaneous microcirculation and alters the temperature of the foot. Twelve healthy subjects (five women, seven men) aged on average 25.8 years participated in(More)
The aim of this educational review is to provide an overview of the clinical application of transcutaneous electrical stimulation of the extremities in patients with upper motor neurone lesions. In general two methods of electrical stimulation can be distinguished: (i) therapeutic electrical stimulation, and (ii) functional electrical stimulation.(More)
To verify the efficacy of electromagnetic fields on various diseases we conducted a computer-assisted search of the pertinent literature. The search was performed with the aid of the Medline and Embase database (1966-1998) and reference lists. Clinical trials with at least one control group were selected. The selection criteria were met by 31 clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the major infrared thermographic parameters in discriminating between patients with and without secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING Outpatient clinic of a university department of physical medicine and rehabilitation in Vienna. PATIENTS Consecutive sample of 86 patients (72 women, 14 men)(More)
Since 1996 we have performed mucosal prelamination of the distal radial forearm flap for functional reconstruction of defects of the intraoral lining. This study was undertaken to demonstrate that the prelaminated fasciomucosal radial forearm flap can provide physiological oropharyngeal reconstruction with mucus-producing tissue, while avoiding the(More)