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Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) upregulates the transcription of proteins that promote cell survival, stimulate growth, induce angiogenesis and reduce susceptibility to apoptosis. NF-κB signaling pathway is constitutively activated in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic myeloid leukemia(More)
Patients with secondary myelodysplasias and acute myeloid leukemias (MDS/AML) frequently exhibit interstitial deletions of the chromosome-5q resulting in hemizygous loss of the transcription transactivator Smad5. Smad5 is a member of the signal transducer family conveying the pleiotropic TGF-gb/BMP cytokine signals with roles in development, cell growth(More)
We examined 79 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients for DNA methylation of 12 tumor suppressor genes (TSG) and 24 homeobox domain (Hox) genes, and additionally for mutations in DNMT3A gene. We observed lower levels of DNA methylation (P<0.0001) as well as smaller numbers of concurrently hypermethylated genes (P<0.0001) in patients with DNMT3A mutations.(More)
We studied the mechanism of the cytotoxic effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT; induction with 1 mM ALA for 4 h followed by a blue light dose of 18 J/cm(2)) on the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60 using biochemical and electron microscopy methods. The disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential, deltapsi(m), was(More)
The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)alpha is a myeloid-specific transcription factor which is required for normal myeloid differentiation. C/EBPalpha is encoded by an intronless gene that is 2783 bp long and maps to human chromosome 19q13.1. C/EBPalpha is a member of the basic region leucine zipper (bZIP) class of DNA-binding(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha or CEBPA) is the founding member of a family of related leucine zipper transcription factors that play important roles in myeloid differentiation. Targeted inactivation of C/EBPalpha in mice demonstrates its importance in the proper development and function of liver, adipose tissue, lung and(More)
  • Ota Fuchs
  • Cardiovascular & hematological disorders drug…
  • 2013
Multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable disease, at least for the big majority of patients, in spite of the great progress with new drugs in the last years. New treatment strategies are needed to improve the outcome of patients. NF-κB activation in MM is caused by mutations in the factors involved in the NF-κB pathways contributing to their dysregulation(More)
BACKGROUND Studying DNA methylation changes in the context of structural rearrangements and point mutations as well as gene expression changes enables the identification of genes that are important for disease onset and progression in different subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. The aim of this study was to identify differentially methylated(More)
Downregulation of cereblon (CRBN) gene expression is associated with resistance to the immunomodulatory drug lenalidomide and poor survival outcomes in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. However, the importance of CRBN gene expression in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and its impact on lenalidomide therapy are not clear. In this study, we(More)
  • Ota Fuchs
  • Casopís lékar̆ů c̆eských
  • 2006
The ecotropic viral integration site 1 (EVI1) gene was identified as a common locus of retroviral integration in myeloid tumors found in mice. EVI1 gene is highly conserved through evolution and human gene EVI1 on chromosome 3q26 encodes zinc fingers-containing transcription factor. EVI1 is expressed in nonhematopoietic tissues but not in normal blood or(More)