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The identification of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) sources that are easily obtainable is of utmost importance. Several studies have shown that MSCs could be isolated from umbilical cord (UC) units. However, the presence of MSCs in umbilical cord blood (UCB) is controversial. A possible explanation for the low efficiency of MSCs from UCB is the use of(More)
Regulation of antioxidant enzymes is critical to control the levels of reactive oxygen species in cell compartments highly susceptible to oxidative stress. In this work, we studied the regulation of a chloroplastic iron superoxide dismutase (Fe-SOD) from Lingulodinium polyedrum (formerly Gonyaulax polyedra) under different physiological conditions. A(More)
Toxicity bioassays based on survival were carried out with cells of the marine dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polyedra exposed to mercury (Hg2+ ), cadmium (Cd2+), lead (Pb2+) and copper (Cu2+). The toxicity scale of these metals found was Hg2+ > Cu2+ > Cd2+ > Pb2+. Cells exposed to metals promptly underwent encystment, which is an important strategy for surviving(More)
Regulation and evolution of dinoflagellate luciferases are of particular interest since the enzyme is structurally unique and bioluminescence is under circadian control. In this study, three new members of the dinoflagellate luciferase gene family were identified and characterized from Pyrocystis lunula. These genes, lcfA, lcfB, and lcfC, also exhibit the(More)
Pre-clinical studies have supported the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to treat highly prevalent neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD) but preliminary trials have reported controversial results. In a rat model of PD induced by MPTP neurotoxin, we first observed a significant bilateral preservation of dopaminergic neurons in the(More)
Microarray studies have revealed the differential expression of several genes in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), but it is unknown which of these differences are dependent on the transformed MCL cell itself or on the tumour microenvironment. To investigate which genes and signalling pathways are aberrantly expressed in MCL cells we used oligonucleotide(More)
Adult or somatic stem cells hold great promise for tissue regeneration. Currently, one major scientific interest is focused on the basic biology and clinical application of mesenchymal stem cells. Adipose tissue-derived stem cells share similar characteristics with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, but have some advantages including harvesting through a(More)
Comparative analysis of cancer stem cells with their neoplastic and non-neoplastic counterparts should help better understand the underlying molecular events leading to transformation and tumor dissemination. Here, we report a molecular signature comprised by genes with exclusive aberrant expression in CD133(+) cells, a reported subpopulation of tumorigenic(More)
The response of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the marine dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polyedra to chronic (5.0 ppb Hg, 0.5 ppm Cd, 2.0 ppm Pb and 0.1 ppm Cu, during 30 days) and acute (10.0 ppb Hg, 1.0 ppm Cd, 5.0 ppm Pb and 0.25 ppm Cu, during 48 hours) exposure to metals was investigated. Under chronic exposure to Hg, Cd, Pb, and Cu, total SOD(More)
Autophagy is a lysosome-dependent degradation pathway that allows cells to recycle damaged or superfluous cytoplasmic content, such as proteins, organelles, and lipids. As a consequence of autophagy, the cells generate metabolic precursors for macromolecular biosynthesis or ATP generation. Deficiencies in this pathway were associated to several pathological(More)