Oswaldo Hernández-Hernández

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BACKGROUND Cassava cultivars are classified following different criteria, such as cyanogenic glucoside content or starch content. Here, flours from the roots of 25 cassava varieties cultivated simultaneously in a single plantation, were characterized in terms of starch content (SC), amylose content (AC), α-amylolysis index (AI) and gel formation ability.(More)
Galactooligosaccharides are non-digestible carbohydrates with potential ability to modulate selectively the intestinal microbiota. In this work, a detailed characterization of oligosaccharides obtained by transgalactosylation reactions of the prebiotic lactulose, by using β-galactosidases of different fungal origin (Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus aculeatus(More)
Resistance to gastrointestinal conditions is a requirement for bacteria to be considered probiotics. In this work, we tested the resistance of six different Lactobacillus strains and the effect of carbon source to four different gastrointestinal conditions: presence of α-amylase, pancreatin, bile extract and low pH. Novel galactooligosaccharides synthesized(More)
Three different stationary phases (sulfoalkylbetaine zwitterionic, polyhydroxyethyl aspartamide and ethylene bridge hybrid (BEH) with trifunctionally bonded amide), operating at hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatographic (HILIC) mode, have been assayed and compared for the analysis of complex mixtures of galactooligosaccharides (GOS). Chromatographic(More)
Chromatographic methods based on different HPLC operation modes, reverse phase (RP), high performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC), graphitized carbon chromatography (GCC) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC), have been developed and compared for the analysis of complex mixtures of neutral oligosaccharides with functional(More)
In this work, in vitro fermentation of alternansucrase raffinose-derived oligosaccharides, previously fractionated according to their degree of polymerization (DP; from DP4 to DP10), was carried out using small-scale pH-controlled batch cultures at 37 °C under anaerobic conditions with human feces. Bifidogenic activity of oligosaccharides with DP4-6 similar(More)
The in vitro fermentation selectivity of hydrolyzed caseinomacropeptide (CMP) glycosylated, via Maillard reaction (MR), with lactulose, galacto-oligosaccharides from lactose (GOSLa), and galacto-oligosaccharides from lactulose (GOSLu) was evaluated, using pH-controlled small-scale batch cultures at 37 °C under anaerobic conditions with human feces. After 10(More)
GC and GC-MS are excellent techniques for the analysis of carbohydrates; nevertheless the preparation of adequate derivatives is necessary. The different functional groups that can be found and the diversity of samples require specific methods. This review aims to collect the most important methodologies currently used, either published as new procedures or(More)
A detailed study was performed to compare the in vivo ileal digestibility and modulatory effects in fecal microbiota of novel galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) derived from lactulose [GOS-Lu; degree of polymerization (DP) ≥2, 14.0% trisaccharides] and commercial GOS derived from lactose (GOS-La; DP ≥3, 35.1% trisaccharides) in growing rats (5 wk old). Rats(More)
There is increasing interest in identifying novel dietary nondigestible carbohydrates capable of modulating the composition and/or metabolic activities of the gut microbiota. This work assessed the differential modulatory influence of novel galacto-oligosaccharides derived from lactulose (GOS-Lu) in comparison with commercial galacto-oligosaccharides(More)