Osvaldo Andrade Santos-Filho

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The development of drug resistance is reducing the efficiency of antifolates as antimalarials. This phenomenon has been linked to the occurrence of mutations in the parasite's dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). In this way, the resistance to pyrimethamine and cycloguanil, two potent inhibitors of P. falciparum DHFR, is mainly related to mutations (single and(More)
In this study, we propose a drug design approach which includes docking, molecular fingerprints based cluster analysis, and 'induced' descriptors based receptor-dependent 3D-QSAR. The method was shown to be very useful for screening and modeling structurally diverse data sets of pharmacological interest. Different from other receptor-dependent 3D-QSAR, no(More)
A set of 30 structurally diverse molecules, for which Caco-2 cell permeation coefficients were determined, formed the training set for construction of Caco-2 cell permeation models based upon membrane-interaction (MI) QSAR analysis and a new QSAR method called 4D-fingerprint QSAR analysis. The descriptor terms of the 4D-fingerprints equation are molecular(More)
Molecular similarity and QSAR analyses have been used to develop compact, robust, and definitive models for skin penetration by organic compounds. The QSAR models have been sought to provide an interpretation and characterization of plausible molecular mechanisms of skin penetration. A training set of 40 structurally diverse compounds were selected to be(More)
According to the World Health Organization, half of the World's population, approximately 3.3 billion people, is at risk for developing malaria. Nearly 700,000 deaths each year are associated with the disease. Control of the disease in humans still relies on chemotherapy. Drug resistance is a limiting factor, and the search for new drugs is important. We(More)
A set of 18 structurally diverse antifolates including pyrimethamine, cycloguanil, methotrexate, aminopterin and trimethoprim, and 13 pyrrolo[2,3-d pyrimidines were studied using four-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (4D-QSAR) analysis. The corresponding biological activities of these compounds include IC50 inhibition constants for(More)
A benchmark data set of steroids with known affinity for sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) has been widely used to validate popular molecular field-based QSAR techniques. We have expanded the data set by adding a number of nonsteroidal SHBG ligands identified both from the literature and in our previous experimental studies. This updated molecular set has(More)
Mortality attributable to infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has now overtaken the death rate for AIDS in the United States, and advances in research are urgently needed to address this challenge. We report the results of the systematic identification of protein-protein interactions for the hospital-acquired strain MRSA-252.(More)
A 4D-QSAR analysis was carried out for a set of 37 hydrazides whose minimum inhibitory concentrations against M. tuberculosis var. bovis were evaluated. These ligands are thought to act like isoniazid in mycolic acid biosynthesis. Results indicate that nonpolar groups in the acyl moiety of ligands markedly decrease biological activity. Molecular(More)
We propose a low-resolution model for both the wild type and the pyrimethamine (Pyr)/cycloguanil (Cyc) cross-resistant mutant type Plasmodium falciparum DHFR (PfDHFR), based on homology modeling using chicken liver DHFR as a template. The built models contain five alpha-helices, eight beta-sheets, eight tight turns and several loops. The Ramachandran plot(More)