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10 Hz rTMS over the left prefrontal cortex may be useful in the treatment of depressive disorders. However, the effects of 10 Hz rTMS applied in potentially effective doses on electroencephalographic activity are not well studied. Using EEG, we aimed to investigate the neurobiological effects of the 10 Hz rTMS set of parameters currently used for depression(More)
Spatial summation and degree of center-surround antagonism were examined in the receptive field of nonlagged cells in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN). We recorded responses to stationary light or dark circular spots that were stepwise varied in width. The spots were centered on the receptive field. For a sample of nonlagged X-cells, we made(More)
Cognitive abilities, such as verbal fluency and mental rotation, are most sensitive to changes in sex steroids but poorly studied in the context of hormonal contraceptive usage. Therefore, we investigated the performance of mental rotation and verbal fluency in young (21.5±1.8 years) healthy oral contraceptive (OC) users (23 women) and non-users (20 women)(More)
Ambiguous (or bistable) figures are visual stimuli that have two mutually exclusive perceptual interpretations that spontaneously alternate with each other. Perceptual reversals, as compared with non-reversals, typically elicit a negative difference called reversal negativity (RN), peaking around 250 ms from stimulus onset. The cognitive interpretation of(More)
Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) are used to test the ability of local cortical networks to generate gamma frequency activity in patients with psychiatric disorders. For the effective use of ASSRs in research and clinical applications, it is necessary to find a comfortable stimulation type and to know how ASSRs are modulated by the tasks given to the(More)
The dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) transmits visual signals from the retina to the cortex. In the dLGN the antagonism between the centre and the surround of the receptive fields is increased through intrageniculate inhibitory mechanisms. Furthermore, the transmission of signals through the dLGN is modulated in a state-dependent manner by input(More)
We investigated effects of olanzapine (5-10 mg/day) on passive and active attention in 11 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 15 healthy controls by using auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) mismatch negativity (MMN) and P300. AEPs were elicited during active and passive auditory "oddball" paradigms before, after 2 weeks and 4 weeks of(More)
Early effects of risperidone (2.5 +/- 1 mg/day) on auditory information processing were investigated in 9 neuroleptic naive patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 9 healthy controls by using event-related potentials (ERPs). ERPs were elicited during active auditory "oddball" paradigm and were recorded before and after two weeks of treatment.(More)
Interrelations between the action of acetylcholine (ACh) and cadmium ions (Cd2+) on bioelectrogenesis of Nitellopsis obtusa cells were investigated. We analyzed repetitively triggered action potentials (AP), their reproducibility, shape and dynamics of membrane potential after AP induction. ACh significantly increased membrane permeability only at high(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate, in healthy subjects, the modulation of amplitude and phase precision of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) to 40 Hz stimulation in two resting conditions varying in the level of arousal. Previously, ASSR measures have shown to be affected by the level of arousal, but the findings are somewhat controversial.(More)