Osvaldas Ruksenas

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10 Hz rTMS over the left prefrontal cortex may be useful in the treatment of depressive disorders. However, the effects of 10 Hz rTMS applied in potentially effective doses on electroencephalographic activity are not well studied. Using EEG, we aimed to investigate the neurobiological effects of the 10 Hz rTMS set of parameters currently used for depression(More)
Cognitive abilities, such as verbal fluency and mental rotation, are most sensitive to changes in sex steroids but poorly studied in the context of hormonal contraceptive usage. Therefore, we investigated the performance of mental rotation and verbal fluency in young (21.5±1.8 years) healthy oral contraceptive (OC) users (23 women) and non-users (20 women)(More)
Spatial summation and degree of center-surround antagonism were examined in the receptive field of nonlagged cells in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN). We recorded responses to stationary light or dark circular spots that were stepwise varied in width. The spots were centered on the receptive field. For a sample of nonlagged X-cells, we made(More)
Ambiguous (or bistable) figures are visual stimuli that have two mutually exclusive perceptual interpretations that spontaneously alternate with each other. Perceptual reversals, as compared with non-reversals, typically elicit a negative difference called reversal negativity (RN), peaking around 250 ms from stimulus onset. The cognitive interpretation of(More)
The dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) transmits visual signals from the retina to the cortex. In the dLGN the antagonism between the centre and the surround of the receptive fields is increased through intrageniculate inhibitory mechanisms. Furthermore, the transmission of signals through the dLGN is modulated in a state-dependent manner by input(More)
Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) are used to test the ability of local cortical networks to generate gamma frequency activity in patients with psychiatric disorders. For the effective use of ASSRs in research and clinical applications, it is necessary to find a comfortable stimulation type and to know how ASSRs are modulated by the tasks given to the(More)
Sharpness of vision depends on the resolution of details conveyed by individual neurons in the visual pathway. In the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), the neurons have receptive fields with center-surround organization, and spatial resolution may be measured as the inverse of center size. We studied dynamics of receptive field center size of single(More)
This paper summarizes a more detailed report produced by the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA 2005), which describes and explores a set of principles for the conduct of ethical review of laboratory animal use. It presents a synopsis of results from a questionnaire that elicited information on how each of 20 countries(More)
BACKGROUND DATA Research on the damaging effect of ultraviolet (UV) laser irradiation on the DNA of live organisms is still scarce, although UV lasers are increasingly being used in therapeutics and surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE In this study we investigated the effect of new-generation 205-nm femtosecond solid-state laser irradiation on the DNA of murine(More)
We investigated effects of olanzapine (5-10 mg/day) on passive and active attention in 11 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 15 healthy controls by using auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) mismatch negativity (MMN) and P300. AEPs were elicited during active and passive auditory "oddball" paradigms before, after 2 weeks and 4 weeks of(More)