Ossia M Eichhoff

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Metastatic melanoma represents a complex and heterogeneous disease for which there are no therapies to improve patient survival. Recent expression profiling of melanoma cell lines identified two transcription signatures, respectively, corresponding with proliferative and invasive cellular phenotypes. A model derived from these findings predicts that in vivo(More)
Malignant melanoma is a chemotherapy-resistant cancer with high mortality. Recent advances in our understanding of the disease at the molecular level have indicated that it shares many characteristics with developmental precursors to melanocytes, the mature pigment-producing cells of the skin and hair follicles. The development of melanocytes absolutely(More)
There is growing evidence that the metastatic spread of melanoma is driven not by a linear increase in tumorigenic aggressiveness, but rather by switching back and forth between two different phenotypes of metastatic potential. In vitro these phenotypes are respectively defined by the characteristics of strong proliferation/weak invasiveness and weak(More)
To date there is no effective therapy for metastatic melanoma and at the molecular level the disease progression is poorly understood. A recent study by our group led to the development of a novel phenotype switching model for melanoma progression, wherein cells transition back-and-forth between states of proliferation and invasion to drive disease(More)
We have previously reported a model for melanoma progression in which oscillation between melanoma cell phenotypes characterized by invasion or proliferation is fundamental to tumor heterogeneity and disease progression. In this study we examine the possible role of hypoxia as one of the microenvironmental influences driving metastatic progression by(More)
Melanoma is the most fatal skin cancer displaying a high degree of molecular heterogeneity. Phenotype switching is a mechanism that contributes to melanoma heterogeneity by altering transcription profiles for the transition between states of proliferation/differentiation and invasion/stemness. As phenotype switching is reversible, epigenetic mechanisms,(More)
Human adenoviruses (Ads) have substantial potential for clinical applications in cancer patients. Conditionally replicating adenoviruses (CRAds) include oncolytic adenoviruses in which expression of the immediate early viral transactivator protein E1A is controlled by a cancer cell-selective promoter. To enhance efficacy, CRAds are further armed to contain(More)
Proliferative resistance to transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is regarded as a critical turning point in the malignant progression of many cancer types. In melanoma this resistance is associated with more aggressive metastatic behaviour. A recent study by our group identified proliferative and invasive subtypes of melanoma cultures and found that(More)
Oncogenic mutations within the MAPK pathway are frequent in melanoma, and targeting of MAPK signaling has yielded spectacular responses in a significant number of patients that last for several months before relapsing. We investigated the effects of two different inhibitors of MAPK signaling in proliferative and invasive melanoma cell cultures with various(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW BRAF inhibitors achieve outstanding clinical response rates in BRAF-mutated melanoma patients but therapeutic resistance is common. Although combinatorial targeted therapy has recently improved patient survival, resistance still occurs, which might be because of the plasticity and heterogeneity of melanoma. Proteomics complements the(More)