Ossi J Rahkonen

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BACKGROUND Health behaviours are potential explanatory factors for socioeconomic differences in mortality. We examined the extent to which seven health behaviours covering dietary habits, smoking and physical activity, can account for relative differences in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality by educational level. METHODS Health behaviour data derived(More)
Adverse health behaviors and obesity are key determinants of major chronic diseases. Evidence on work-related determinants of these behavioral risk factors is inconclusive, and comparative studies are especially lacking. We aimed to examine the associations between job strain, working overtime, adverse health behaviors, and obesity among 45-60-year-old(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health by analyzing indicators of childhood socioeconomic circumstances, adult socioeconomic position, and current material resources. METHODS We collected data on middle-aged adults employed by the City of Helsinki (n=8970; 67% response rate). Associations between 7 socioeconomic indicators(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between smoking and general health as measured by the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. METHODS Data derived are from three cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2000, 2001 and 2002. Respondents to the postal surveys were middle-aged employees of the City of Helsinki (1799 men and 7171 women, response rate(More)
OBJECTIVES The mechanisms through which a low socioeconomic position leads to disability retirement are not yet established. We examined, on the one hand, the associations between occupational social class and disability retirement due to all causes, musculoskeletal diseases, and mental disorders and, on the other hand, the contribution(More)
This study aimed to examine how physical working conditions, psychosocial working conditions and work-family conflicts are associated with sleep complaints, and whether health behaviours explain these associations. We used pooled postal questionnaire surveys collected in 2001-2002 among 40-60-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki (n = 5819, response(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To study the socio-demographic determinants of body-height and the bearing of these determinants on the association between body-height and health among Finnish adults. DATA AND METHOD Cross-sectional population survey including questions on social background, body-height and health, and retrospective questions on childhood living(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to investigate (1) how much of the association between health and social class is accounted by psychosocial working conditions, and (2) whether health is related to working conditions after controlling for social class. METHODS The data derive from the surveys of the Helsinki health study, collected in 2000, 2001, and(More)
BACKGROUND Early retirement due to disability is a public health and work environment problem that shortens working careers. Transition to disability retirement is based on ill-health, but working conditions are also of relevance. We examined the contributions of work arrangements, physical working conditions and psychosocial working conditions to(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine gender differences in sickness absence spells of various lengths and to explain these differences by health status, working conditions and family-related factors. METHODS The study included 5470 female and 1464 male employees of the City of Helsinki surveyed at baseline in 2000-2. These survey data were linked to the employer's(More)