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Endotoxin stimulation of the immune system produces marked alterations in memory functioning. However, molecular links between this cognitive response and infection-responding neurotransmission pathways are still unknown. The cytokine and memory responses of volunteers injected with 0.8 ng/kg Salmonella endotoxin were compared with changes in plasma levels(More)
Human brain ageing is associated with reductions in a variety of nicotinic receptors subtypes, whereas changes in age-related disorders including Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease are more selective. In Alzheimer's disease, in the cortex there is a selective loss of the alpha4 (but not alpha3 or 7) subunit immunoreactivity and of nicotine or(More)
Combined administration of nomifensine, a DA reuptake inhibitor, and MPTP completely prevented the long-term (30 days post-treatment) striatal DA depletions induced by MPTP in mice. Cotreatment with desipramine and clomipramine or fluoxetine, inhibitors of NE and 5-HT, respectively had no effect on DA neurotoxicity of MPTP. The findings indicate that MPTP(More)
To examine effects of various pharmacological manipulations of dopamine (DA) metabolism on DA neurotoxicity of N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), C57 black mice were injected with MPTP (30 mg/kg s.c., once daily for two days) alone or in combination with apomorphine, bromocriptine, haloperidol, L-DOPA or nomifensine. MPTP markedly(More)
Neuronal nicotinic receptor binding sites as well as mRNA levels encoding for subunits alpha4, beta2, and alpha7 were analysed in 3-mo-old transgenic mice generated with a neuronal overexpression of human acetylcholinesterase and in age-matched controls. The acetylcholinesterase transgenic mice display progressive cognitive impairment in spatial learning(More)
In C57 black mice, MPTP (N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) (30 mg/kg X 2, 20 mg/kg X 15, 30 mg/kg X 15, or 35 mg/kg X 1) depleted DA in both striatum and accumbens but not in frontal cortex, hypothalamus and retina. DA decreases were more pronounced in striatum than in accumbens, were maximal at 2 days, partially reversed later but persisted up(More)
In mice, long-term reductions in striatal DA produced by the neurotoxin MPTP were completely prevented by its combined administration with amphetamine. Depletion of DA from DA terminals by cotreatment with reserpine did not suppress but rather enhanced MPTP-induced DA decrements in striatum. Amphetamine protection against DA neurotoxicity of MPTP in mice is(More)
An experimental autoimmune multiple sclerosis-like disease (EAMSD) was induced in rabbits by immunizing them with bovine brain gangliosides. Forebrain myelin was isolated and fractionated on a discontinuous sucrose gradient into light myelin (LM, buoyant density less than or equal to 0.625 M), and heavy myelin (HM, buoyant density greater than 0.625 M). No(More)
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