Osman Demirhan

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Case 1 The male patient had been born at 30 weeks of gestation (weight 1,360 g) to consanguineous parents. Pregnancy was complicated by severe polyhydramnios. Findings at his physical examination were normal except for a triangular face, large eyes, protruding ears, tachypnea and retractions. He rapidly developed renal salt wasting, hyper-reninemic(More)
Cytogenetic abnormalities with schizophrenia may provide a valuable clue to the identification of target loci and successful search for major genes. We have performed chromosomal examinations by using the GTG banding technique on 134 schizophrenics. In 43 patients (32%), random numerical and structural aberrations were detected. Structural aberrations(More)
The cerebellum is the primary motor coordination centre of the central nervous system. Lesions or congenital defects of the cerebellum cause incoordination of the muscles resulting in irregular gait and falling. Recently, we reported a large family with cerebellum hypoplasia and quadrupedal locomotion as a recessive trait, which we mapped to chromosome(More)
AIM To investigate parental origins and cell stage errors of a double nondisjunction in a fetus. METHOD For the determination of the most common chromosome anomalies, quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction method using short tandem repeat (STR) DNA markers was applied to a fetus with abnormal ultrasonographic findings. Parental origin and cell(More)
We present a patient with acromesomelic chondrodysplasia and genital anomalies caused by a novel homozygous mutation in BMPR1B, the gene coding for bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1B. The 16 year old girl, the offspring of a multiconsanguinous family, showed a severe form of limb malformation consisting of aplasia of the fibula, severe brachydactyly,(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital hereditary non-progressive hypoplasia of the cerebellum is a rare condition, frequently associated with other neuropathology such as lissencephaly. Clinically, the condition is associated with variable degrees of mental retardation, microcephaly, seizures, and movement disorders due to ataxia. In severe cases, patients are unable to(More)
Prenatal diagnosis is testing for diseases or conditions in a fetus or embryo before it is born. It employs a variety of techniques to determine the health and condition of an unborn fetus. The main goal of this process is to perform prenatal diagnosis at the earliest possible stage of gestation. In this regard, quantitative fluorescent-polymerase chain(More)
CONTEXT Recent studies have suggested a direct contribution of nicotine--the addictive component of tobacco and tobacco smoke--to human carcinogenesis, and it remains the most common harmful substance to which pregnant women are exposed. Also, it has deleterious effects on the fetus. The sperm of smoking fathers and newborns of smoking mothers have elevated(More)
A cytogenetic study of 77 adolescent girls with primary or secondary amenorrhea was performed. A pathologic or male karyotype was found in 18 (26.4%) of 68 patients with primary amenorrhea. In 1 (11.1%) of 9 patients with secondary amenorrhea, 46,XX/47,XXX mosaicism was recovered. The importance of the cytogenetic investigations in patients with primary or(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the history of 157 carriers of pericentric inversions on chromosome 9 [inv9] with karyotype analyses and evaluate the significance of these findings. METHODS We studied the incidence, clinical significance, and genetic counseling of inv9 p11;q12, p11;q13, and p11;q21 patients who were referred to our laboratory from various clinics(More)