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OBJECTIVE To determine risk factors for presence of lymph node or distant metastases in patients with follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) at the time of diagnosis and whether there is a relationship between the type of tumor invasion and metastases. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA FTC often presents distant metastases at the initial diagnosis. As distant metastases(More)
AIMS To evaluate the reliability of desmoplasia as a reproducible morphological parameter indicating the metastatic potential of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred and twenty cases of MTC of the Medical University of Vienna, Austria and 76 cases from the School of Medicine of Marseille, France were analysed for the presence(More)
CONTEXT Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a rare but aggressive solid tumor with a very short survival time even with multimodality treatment. In view of in vitro data and the high rate of p53 mutations in ATC, we have used combined treatment with external beam radiation and docetaxel. OBJECTIVE The objective was to analyze the activity using(More)
BACKGROUND Since the first description of Central neurocytomas (CNs) as a benign tumor entity in 1982, there has been great enthusiasm regarding the benign course and the curative surgical approach to this disease. The current study was performed to investigate the frequency of disease recurrence during long-term follow-up. METHODS A retrospective(More)
A European Federation of Cytology Societies (EFCS) working party of 28 members from 14 European countries met at the European Congress of Cytology in Lisbon in September 2009, with two observers from the USA, to discuss the need for standardising thyroid FNA nomenclature in the light of the National Institute of Cancer (NCI) recommendations resulting from(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the frequent occurrence of papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) of the thyroid, no consensus on its malignant potential or its treatment exists. The objective of this study was to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of a retrospective cohort of consecutive patients with PMC treated in a single institution during a 30-year period and(More)
The V600E mutation of the B-type Raf kinase (BRAF) gene is a common event in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and seems to play a key role in the development and progression of this disease. We evaluated the expression of the mutated BRAF V600E protein in 144 cases of PTC using a novel mutation-specific antibody. Seventy-six PTCs (52.8%) showed unequivocal(More)
Medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs) are mostly aggressive but slowly growing malignant tumours that metastasize early to loco-regional lymph nodes. Desmoplastic stroma reaction is a strong risk factor associated with lymph node metastases. We evaluated immunohistochemically the expression of two hypoxia-associated proteins, carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) and(More)
Tenascin C (Tn-C) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is expressed early in carcinogenesis including intraepithelial neoplastic lesions of different organs. In this study, we analyze whether stroma reaction seen by Tn-C expression is detected early in tumorigenesis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) including medullary microcarcinoma and C-cell(More)
CONTEXT (99m)Tc-Methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) scintigraphy is a standard preoperative localization imaging modality in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Its accuracy in localizing a hyperactive parathyroid gland after previous cervical surgery is limited. Recently, (11)C-methionine has been introduced as a promising radiotracer for pHPT(More)