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OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of teenage maternity, preterm birth and low birth weight in Spanish and immigrant mothers from Latin America, eastern Europe, Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa resident in Catalonia and Valencia from 2005 and 2006. METHODS Using data from congenital metabolic disorders registers in both regions, proportions and 95%(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Patients with the hereditary disease Alport syndrome commonly require renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the second or third decade of life. This study compared age at onset of RRT, renal allograft, and patient survival in men with Alport syndrome receiving various forms of RRT (peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a major cause of end-stage kidney failure, but is often identified early and therefore amenable to timely treatment. Interventions known to postpone the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in non-ADPKD patients have also been tested in ADPKD patients, but with inconclusive results. To help resolve(More)
AIMS The aim of the present study was to extend our understanding of international trends in stroke and major sequelae in Europe and countries peripheral to Europe by assessing: (1) current mortality rates, (2) the most recent 15-year prevalence trends, and (3) the relationship between systolic blood pressure in community surveys and national stroke(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the fourth most common renal disease requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). Still, there are few epidemiological data on the prevalence of, and survival on RRT for ADPKD. METHODS This study used data from the ERA-EDTA Registry on RRT prevalence and survival on RRT in 12 European(More)
Rare Diseases Epidemiology is a novel action field still largely unexplored. However, Rare Diseases is a topic of growing interest at world level. The aims of this chapter are to revise useful epidemiological tools and define areas where epidemiology can help improve the rare disease knowledge, and facilitate policy decisions taking into account the real(More)
BACKGROUND Social vulnerability implies a higher risk of induced abortion (IA). Immigrant status could be an additional factor. The objective was to identify the patterns surrounding which women resort to IAs, and to study the relationship between socio-economic and health system factors. Another aim was to determine the relationship between the patterns(More)
The Spanish Rare Diseases Registries Research Network (SpainRDR) is a project aimed to build the National Rare Diseases Registry in Spain based on the input of two different methods: patient outcome research registries and population-based registries. The project has been approved within the IRDiRC framework and is co-funded by the Institute of Health(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the leading cause of ESRD in children, but the proportion of patients with individual CAKUT entities progressing to ESRD during adulthood and their long-term clinical outcomes are unknown. This study assessed the age at onset of renal replacement therapy (RRT) and(More)