Oscar W Huang

Learn More
The Wnt pathway inhibitors DKK1 and sclerostin (SOST) are important therapeutic targets in diseases involving bone loss or damage. It has been appreciated that Wnt coreceptors LRP5/6 are also important, as human missense mutations that result in bone overgrowth (bone mineral density, or BMD, mutations) cluster to the E1 propeller domain of LRP5. Here, we(More)
Bromodomains are epigenetic readers that are recruited to acetyllysine residues in histone tails. Recent studies have identified non-acetyl acyllysine modifications, raising the possibility that these might be read by bromodomains. Profiling the nearly complete human bromodomain family revealed that while most human bromodomains bind only the shorter acetyl(More)
Addition and removal of ubiquitin or ubiquitin chains to and from proteins is a tightly regulated process that contributes to cellular signaling and protein stability. Here we show that phosphorylation of the human deubiquitinase DUBA (OTUD5) at a single residue, Ser177, is both necessary and sufficient to activate the enzyme. The crystal structure of the(More)
T-helper type 17 (TH17) cells that produce the cytokines interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and IL-17F are implicated in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases. The differentiation of TH17 cells is regulated by transcription factors such as RORγt, but post-translational mechanisms preventing the rampant production of pro-inflammatory IL-17A have received(More)
The two major Aurora kinases carry out critical functions at distinct mitotic stages. Selective inhibitors of these kinases, as well as pan-Aurora inhibitors, show antitumor efficacy and are now under clinical investigation. However, the ATP-binding sites of Aurora A and Aurora B are virtually identical, and the structural basis for selective inhibition has(More)
Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) is required for ubiquitination of histone H2A lysine 119, an epigenetic mark associated with repression of genes important in developmental regulation. The E3 ligase activity of PRC1 resides in the RING1A/B subunit when paired with one of six PCGF partners. The best known of these is the oncogene BMI1/PCGF4. We find that(More)
Deubiquitinases (DUBs) are proteolytic enzymes whose function is to oppose the process of the conjugation of ubiquitin to a specific substrate. This task is accomplished through an enzymatic cascade involving E1, E2, and E3 enzymes, which collectively produce a product that is either monoubiquitinated, or polyubiquitinated with multiple single ubiquitins or(More)
CBP and EP300 are highly homologous, bromodomain-containing transcription coactivators involved in numerous cellular pathways relevant to oncology. As part of our effort to explore the potential therapeutic implications of selectively targeting bromodomains, we set out to identify a CBP/EP300 bromodomain inhibitor that was potent both in vitro and in(More)
The complexity of protein ubiquitination signals derives largely from the variety of polyubiquitin linkage types that can modify a target protein, each imparting distinct functional consequences. Free ubiquitin chains of uniform linkages and length are important tools in understanding how ubiquitin-binding proteins specifically recognize these different(More)
  • 1