Oscar Octavio Gutiérrez Frías

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We report a field study of the haematocrit of pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) nestlings when close to fledging. First a descriptive study was conducted of both fledgling and adult haematocrit over 2 years to analyse correlates of variation in this trait. Then a swapping experiment was performed to see whether variation among fledglings had a measurable(More)
Until recently, analyses of gender-dependent differences in viability selection and the ontogeny of sexual size dimorphism have been plagued by difficulties in determining the sex of nestling birds on the basis of morphology. Recently, this problem was overcome using molecular sex identification to report for the first time body-size-mediated antagonistic(More)
The impact on wildlife health of the increase in the use of antimicrobial agents with the intensification of livestock production remains unknown. The composition, richness and prevalence of cloacal microflora as well as bacterial resistance to antibiotics in nestlings and full-grown Egyptian vultures Neophron percnopterus were assessed in four areas of(More)
Several avian species show a bright carotenoid-based coloration during spring and following a period of duller coloration during the previous winter, despite carotenoids presumably being fully deposited in feathers during the autumn moult. Carotenoid-based breast feathers of male linnets (Carduelis cannabina) increased in hue (redness), saturation and(More)
In this paper we solve the stabilization problem of the strongly damping inertia wheel pendulum around its unstable equilibrium. The stabilization is accomplished by using nested saturation functions. The use of nested saturation function is possible because this system can be rewritten approximately as a chain of integrators with and nonlinear(More)
Ecologists and conservation biologists seem increasingly attracted to sophisticated modelling approaches, sometimes at the expense of attention to data quality and appropriateness of fieldwork design. This dissociation may lead to a loss of perspective promoting biological unrealities as conclusions, which may be used in conservation applications. We(More)
Understanding why host species differ so much in symbiont loads and how this depends on ecological host and symbiont traits is a major issue in the ecology of symbiosis. A first step in this inquiry is to know whether observed differences among host species are species-specific traits or more related with host-symbiont environmental conditions. Here we(More)
Exposure to heavy metals from emissions of the solid-waste incinerator (SWI) of Madrid (Spain) was assessed by determining the relationships between the distance from black kite (Milvus migrans) nests to the SWI and metal concentrations in nestling blood and failed eggs. Lead levels increased as the distance to the SWI decreased, while no significant(More)
We assessed whether levels of heavy metals in blood have detrimental effects on the health of prefledgling black kites (Milvus migrans) exposed to emissions from a solid waste incinerator near Madrid, central Spain. As health indexes, we considered body mass corrected by structural size as a general indicator of nutritional condition and white blood cell(More)
In this paper we solve the stabilization problem of the strongly damping inertia wheel pendulum around its unstable equilibrium. The stabilization is accomplished by using nested saturation functions. The use of nested saturation function is possible because this system can be rewritten approximately as a chain of integrators with and nonlinear(More)