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The biological elimination of polymeric resins compounds (PRC) such as acrylic acid and their esters, vinyl acetate and styrene under methanogenic and oxygen-limited methanogenesis conditions was evaluated. Two UASB reactors (A and B) were used and the removal of the organic matter was studied in four stages. Reactor A was used as methanogenic control(More)
Three mesophilic bacteria (strains AMX 26B(T), UR374_02 and 12-3(T)) isolated respectively from an anaerobic digester, human urine and urban riverside soil were characterized. Cells were Gram-negative, motile, non-sporulating, straight to curved rods with one polar flagellum and had a strictly respiratory metabolism with O(2) as the preferential terminal(More)
The use of a down-flow fluidized bed (DFFB) reactor for the treatment of a sulfate-rich synthetic wastewater was investigated to obtain insight into the outcome of sulfate reduction in a biofilm attached to a plastic support under a down-flow regime. Fine low-density polyethylene particles were used as support for developing a biofilm within the reactor.(More)
A thermophilic terephthalate-degrading methanogenic consortium was successfully enriched for 272 days in an anaerobic hybrid reactor, and the microbial structure was characterized using terminal RFLPs, clone libraries and fluorescence in-situ hybridization with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. All the results suggested that Methanothrix(More)
Terephthalate (TA) is one of the top 50 chemicals produced worldwide. Its production results in a TA-containing wastewater that is treated by anaerobic processes through a poorly understood methanogenic syntrophy. Using metagenomics, we characterized the methanogenic consortium inside a hyper-mesophilic (that is, between mesophilic and thermophilic),(More)
A strictly aerobic, mesophilic bacterium, strain AMX 51(T), was isolated from anaerobic digester sludge. Cells were Gram-negative, motile, non-sporulating, straight to curved rods with one polar flagellum. The isolate had phenotypic traits of the genus Bosea, including cellular fatty acid and substrate utilization profiles. Physiological characteristics and(More)
The effect of ammonium on a denitrifying reactor of the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket type was studied. At a constant nitrate loading rate (2500 mg NO3 --N/[L. d]), using acetate as organic electron donor and at a C/NO3 --N/ ratio of 1.23, an increase in the N2 production rate was observed when the ammonium loading rate was increased (25, 250, and 500 mg(More)
Fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) is a homogeneous technique which was applied to the serological diagnosis of bovine brucellosis. Because of its simplicity and because it may be performed very rapidly, it was an ideal test to adapt to field use. The FPA was used to test cattle on six dairy farms in Baja California, Mexico. Anticoagulated blood, serum,(More)
The aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge about anaerobic digestion of 2-chlorophenol (2CP) in an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR). Two reactors were set up (ASBR(A) and ASBR(B)). The ASBR(A) was fed with 2-chlorophenol (28-196 mg 2CP-C/L) and no other exogenous electron donor. The ASBR(B) was fed with a mixture of 2CP (28-196 mg(More)
The biodegradation route of the octylphenol ethoxylates (OPEOs) by denitrification in an upflow anoxic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor was studied. An anaerobic sludge adapted to denitrifying conditions with acetate was adapted with increasing amounts of OPEOs and diminishing amounts of acetate until only 300 mg x L(-1) of OPEOs were fed. Only 70% of(More)