Oscar Monroy

Learn More
Three mesophilic bacteria (strains AMX 26B(T), UR374_02 and 12-3(T)) isolated respectively from an anaerobic digester, human urine and urban riverside soil were characterized. Cells were Gram-negative, motile, non-sporulating, straight to curved rods with one polar flagellum and had a strictly respiratory metabolism with O(2) as the preferential terminal(More)
Terephthalate (TA) is one of the top 50 chemicals produced worldwide. Its production results in a TA-containing wastewater that is treated by anaerobic processes through a poorly understood methanogenic syntrophy. Using metagenomics, we characterized the methanogenic consortium inside a hyper-mesophilic (that is, between mesophilic and thermophilic),(More)
A thermophilic terephthalate-degrading methanogenic consortium was successfully enriched for 272 days in an anaerobic hybrid reactor, and the microbial structure was characterized using terminal RFLPs, clone libraries and fluorescence in-situ hybridization with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. All the results suggested that Methanothrix(More)
The effect of ammonium on a denitrifying reactor of the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket type was studied. At a constant nitrate loading rate (2500 mg NO3 --N/[L. d]), using acetate as organic electron donor and at a C/NO3 --N/ ratio of 1.23, an increase in the N2 production rate was observed when the ammonium loading rate was increased (25, 250, and 500 mg(More)
The use of a down-flow fluidized bed (DFFB) reactor for the treatment of a sulfate-rich synthetic wastewater was investigated to obtain insight into the outcome of sulfate reduction in a biofilm attached to a plastic support under a down-flow regime. Fine low-density polyethylene particles were used as support for developing a biofilm within the reactor.(More)
NO2- accumulation occurred in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor at 500, 1000 and 1500 mg NO3- -N/l, but not after copper in the medium was increased to 28 μg Cu2/l. N2O release was not avoided even with 56 μg Cu2/l, at 1500 and 2500 mg NO3- -N/l and reached 251 mg N2O-N/l•d. © Rapid Science Ltd. 1998
A strictly aerobic, mesophilic bacterium, strain AMX 51(T), was isolated from anaerobic digester sludge. Cells were Gram-negative, motile, non-sporulating, straight to curved rods with one polar flagellum. The isolate had phenotypic traits of the genus Bosea, including cellular fatty acid and substrate utilization profiles. Physiological characteristics and(More)
With granular sludges grown in an UASB reactor fed with a mixture of acetate and proplonate, it is shown that (I) growth of proplonate-utilizing bacteria is responsible for the increase of the VSS content of the granular sludge, acetoclastic microfiora did not grow or little, (II) there is not a stolchlometric relationship between substrate removal and(More)
Fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) is a homogeneous technique which was applied to the serological diagnosis of bovine brucellosis. Because of its simplicity and because it may be performed very rapidly, it was an ideal test to adapt to field use. The FPA was used to test cattle on six dairy farms in Baja California, Mexico. Anticoagulated blood, serum,(More)
Municipal wastewater was amended with organic garbage leachates at a concentration around 700 mgCOD(soluble)/L and fed to three different anaerobic systems to compare their performance: a down flow fluidized bed (DFFB), an expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) and a zeolite-packed anaerobic filter reactor (ZPF). The DFFB and EGSB reactors were operated at HRT(More)