Oscar John Gerald Somsen

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Under certain well-defined conditions, a population of yeast cells exhibits glycolytic oscillations that synchronize through intercellular acetaldehyde. This implies that the dynamic phenomenon of the oscillation propagates within and between cells. We here develop a method to establish by which route dynamics propagate through a biological reaction(More)
Excitonic interaction between pigment molecules is largely responsible for the static and dynamic spectroscopic properties of photosynthetic pigment-proteins. This paper provides a new description of its effect on polarized absorption spectroscopy, in particular on circular dichroism (CD). We investigate excitonic spectra of finite width and use "spectral(More)
The study of exciton trapping in photosynthetic systems provides significant information about migration kinetics within the light harvesting antenna (LHA) and the reaction center (RC). We discuss two random walk models for systems with weakly coupled pigments, with a focus on the application to small systems (10-40 pigments/RC). Details of the exciton(More)
A sustained decrease in the intracellular ATP concentration has been observed when extra glucose was added to yeast cells growing aerobically under glucose limitation. Because glucose degradation is the main source of ATP-derived free energy, this is a counter-intuitive phenomenon, which cannot be attributed to transient ATP consumption in the initial steps(More)
In this paper, we analyze the process of excitation energy migration and trapping by reaction centres in photosynthesis and discuss the mechanisms that may provide an overall description of this process in the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum (Rs.) rubrum and related organisms. A wide range of values have been published for the pigment to pigment(More)
The fluorescent base analogue 2-aminopurine is a sensitive probe for local dynamics of DNA. Its fluorescence is quenched by interaction with the neighboring bases, but the underlying mechanisms are still under investigation. We studied 2-aminopurine fluorescence in dinucleotides with each of the natural bases. Consistently, two of the four(More)
Excitation energy transfer in the light-harvesting antenna of Rhodospirillum rubrum was studied at room temperature using sub-picosecond transient absorption measurements. Upon excitation of Rs. rubrum membranes with a 200 fs, 600 nm laser flash in the Qx transition of the bacteriochlorophyll-a (BChl-a) absorption, the induced transient absorption changes(More)