Oscar Javier Cordero

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Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV), assigned to the CD26 cluster, is expressed on epithelial cells and lymphocytes and is a multifunctional or pleiotropic protein. Its peptidase activity causes degradation of many biologically active peptides, e.g. some incretins secreted by the enteroendocrine system. DPP-IV has, therefore, become a novel therapeutic target(More)
CD26 is an ectoenzyme with dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity expressed on a variety of cell types. Although the function of the high concentration of serum-soluble CD26 (sCD26) is unknown, it may be related to the cleavage of biologically active polypeptides. As CD26 or enzymatic activity levels were previously associated with cancer, we examined the(More)
Prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is a highly acidic and small protein of only 111 amino acids with an unusual primary structure. One would expected it to play an essential role in the organism, as it has a wide distribution and is high conserved among mammals, yet its exact function remains elusive. Despite the number of effects described for ProTalpha,(More)
CD26, a transmembrane ectoenzyme, is overexpressed on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) peripheral blood T cells. As it has been recently described that IL-12 and IL-15 upregulate CD26 in vitro, we hypothesized that this CD26 overexpression might be interleukin dependent. The concentrations of IL-12 and IL-15, and soluble CD26 and adenosine deaminase (enzymes(More)
Serum levels of the soluble epidermal growth factor receptor (sEGFR) and its ligands epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) and amphiregulin (AR) were measured in healthy donors and patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck carcinoma (HNC). In NSCLC, we found sEGFR and EGF levels significantly(More)
Colorectal cancer is characterized by a low survival rate even though the basis for colon cancer development, which involves the evolution of adenomas to carcinoma, is known. Moreover, the mortality rates continue to rise in economically transitioning countries although there is the opportunity to intervene in the natural history of the adenoma-cancer(More)
Extracellular adenosine has a key role in the development and function of the cells of the immune system. Many of the adenosine actions seem to be mediated by specific surface receptors positively coupled to adenylate cyclase: A2A and A2B. Despite the fact that A2A receptors (A2ARs) can be easily studied due to the availability of the specific agonist(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the LAK cell subpopulation on which Prothymosin-alpha (ProT alpha) exerts its enhancing effect on cytotoxicity. We investigated the role of ProT alpha on LAK induction from peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and NK-enriched cells, both cultured for 5 weeks with IL-2 and ProT alpha. The different cultures were(More)
Research of a cellular pathway activated by IL-12 which may result in new therapeutical approaches for IL-12, led us to find an intriguing relationship between IL-12 and CD26/DPPIV ectopeptidase on activated T cells. Both the percentage and median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD26+ cells in the PHA-stimulated PBMC or lymphoblasts increased when IL-12(More)
We read with great interest the editorial by GAKIS [1] about the extreme importance of the adenosine deaminase (ADA) isoenzymes ADA1 and ADA2 on the homeostasis of 2' deoxyadenosine and adenosine, especially when monocytes and macrophages are infected by intracellular microorganisms. Serum ADA activity is increased in various conditions such as liver(More)