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The present study was aimed to determine whether the urine from donor rats, which were physically stressed (UD-PS) by unavoidable electric footshocks, produces despair in receptor partner rats (RP) in the long-term. For each trial, an RP rat was placed during 10 min once per day for 21 days in a small non-movement-restricting cage impregnated with the urine(More)
The sensorial stimulation arising from a physically stressed (PS) subject may produce emotional stress in a witnessing partner (WP). Both members of the pair develop functional changes. We tested changes in locomotor activity (crossing) and in the defensive burying test in WP, and PS adult male Wistar rats having been submitted to a single 10 min session in(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a worldwide pathogen with a broad host spectrum pathogenic to around 400 plant species. Sclerotia formed by S. sclerotiorum serve as resting structures that secure fungal survival in soil for prolonged periods in the absence of a host plant or may help to overcoming periods of unsuitable growth conditions. In the present study,(More)
In an effort to develop alternate techniques to recover metals from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), this research evaluated the bioleaching efficiency of gold (Au), copper (Cu) and nickel (Ni) by two strains of Aspergillus niger in the presence of gold-plated finger integrated circuits found in computer motherboards (GFICMs) and cellular(More)
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