Oscar E. Ramos

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The most widely used technique for generating whole-body motions on a humanoid robot accounting for various tasks and constraints is inverse kinematics. Based on the task-function approach, this class of methods enables the coordination of robot movements to execute several tasks in parallel and account for the sensor feedback in real time, thanks to the(More)
Control methods based on a hierarchy of tasks provide a fast, easily-modifiable, and accurate way of generating a motion. In this paper, we propose to extend this hierarchical approach by using a cascade of quadratic programs to handle simultaneously the robot dynamics, inequality and equality constraints, and multiple non-coplanar unilateral contacts.(More)
It is important for a humanoid robot to be able to move its body without falling down even if the target motion takes its center of mass to the limits of the support polygon. Usually the center of mass is overconstrained to keep balance, but this can make fast motion of the robot upper body or tasks that are far away from the reachable space unfeasible. To(More)
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The classical mean shift algorithm for tracking in perfectly arranged conditions constitutes a good object tracking method. However, in the real environment it presents some limitations, especially under the presence of noise, objects with varying size, or occlusions. In order to deal with these problems, this paper proposes a reliable object tracking(More)
This paper presents a complete methodology to quickly reshape a dynamic motion demonstrated by a human and to adapt the dynamics of the human to the dynamics of the robot. The method uses an inverse dynamics control scheme with a quadratic programming optimization solver. The motion data recorded using a motion capture system is introduced into the control(More)
This paper presents a method to handle walking on non-planar surfaces. The method obtains the trajectory of the center of mass and the next position of the foot from a pattern generator. Then, an inverse dynamics control scheme with a quadratic programming optimization solver is used to let the foot go from its initial to its final position, controlling(More)
The classical Capture Point (CP) technique allows biped robots to take protective footsteps in case of a push or other disturbance, but only applies to flat terrain and a horizontally-moving Center of Mass (CoM). This paper generalizes the Capture Point technique to arbitrary terrains and CoM paths. Removing the CoM path constraint leads to an infinite(More)
In October 2012, the humanoid robot HRP-2 was presented during a live demonstration performing fine-balanced dance movements with a human performer in front of more than 1,000 people. This success was made possible by the systematic use of operational-space inverse dynamics (OSID) to compute dynamically consistent movements following a motion capture(More)
This paper presents a complete framework (estimation, identification and control) for the implementation of joint-torque control on the humanoid robot HRP-2. While torque control has already been implemented on a few humanoid robots, this is one of the first implementations of torque control on a robot that was originally built to be position controlled(More)