Oscar E Prospero-Garcia

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Acetylcholine (ACh) plays a key role in the transitions between the different phases of sleep: Slow-wave sleep requires low ACh concentrations in the brain, whereas rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep is associated with high levels of ACh. Also, these phases of sleep are differentially sensitive to a number of endogenous neuropeptides and cytokines, including(More)
A molecule isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of sleep-deprived cats has been chemically characterized and identified as cis-9,10-octadecenoamide. Other fatty acid primary amides in addition to cis-9,10-octadecenoamide were identified as natural constituents of the cerebrospinal fluid of cat, rat, and human, indicating that these compounds compose a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Evidence indicates that the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), increases food intake when injected into the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS), thereby potentially activating hypothalamic nuclei involved in food intake regulation. We aimed to evaluate potential orexigenic effects of the endocannabinoid anandamide and of(More)
Specific pathogen-free cats were infected with the Maryland strain of FIV (FIV-MD) for the purpose of assessing the effects of FIV infection on the central nervous system (CNS). Two separate studies were performed, involving a total of 13 infected cats and six age-matched, sham-inoculated controls. All animals infected with FIV-MD seroconverted by 8 weeks(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated dementia (HAD) has been detected in 20-30% of patients suffering AIDS. The envelope glycoprotein 120 (gp120) derived from HIV seems to play a critical role in the pathophysiology of this dementia. Likewise, the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-derived gp120 causes neurological and electrophysiological(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) encodes the enzyme deoxyuridine-triphosphatase (DU; EC 3.6.1.23) between the coding regions for reverse transcriptase and integrase in the pol gene. Here, we report the in vivo infection of cats with a DU- variant of the PPR strain of FIV and compare its growth properties and tissue distribution with those of wild-type(More)
In this study we have assessed the effect of the intracerebroventricular administration of anandamide (ANA) as well as its precursor metabolite arachidonic acid (AA), on the sleep-wakefulness cycle, memory formation, locomotor activity and pain perception. Our results have indicated that ANA strikingly increases slow-wave sleep (SWS)2 and rapid-eye movement(More)
The diurnal variations of the endocannabinoid arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, ANA) as well as palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and oleoylethanolamide (OEA) were detected and quantified in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), pons, hippocampus, and hypothalamus in the rat over 24 h using HPLC/MS. In CSF, the 3 compounds presented an increase in their concentration(More)
FIV is a lentivirus of domestic cats that causes a spectrum of diseases that is remarkably similar to the clinical syndrome produced by HIV infection in people. Both HIV and FIV has been shown to cause neurologic dysfunction. Specific Pathogen-Free (SPF) cats were placed into one of three groups: FIV-PPR infected; DU-FIV-PPR (a dUTPase mutant of the FIV-PPR(More)
Anandamide (ANA) alters sleep by increasing the amount of time spent in slow wave sleep 2 (SWS2) and rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) at the expense of wakefulness (W) in rats. In this report, we describe a similar effect of ANA when injected itracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) or into the peduriculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) and the lack of an effect(More)