Oscar Berlanga

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The snake venom toxin convulxin activates platelets through the collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI)/Fc receptor gamma-chain (FcR gamma-chain) complex leading to tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the tyrosine Syk and phospholipase Cgamma2 (PLCgamma2). In the present study, we demonstrate that convulxin is a considerably more powerful agonist(More)
OBJECTIVES GPIIb integrin expression has been found on platelets and megakaryocytes, and more recently on immature hematopoietic progenitors. We set out to investigate expression of GPIIb in other hematopoietic cell lineages and, having detected it on mast cells, aimed to determine what possible role it might perform. METHODS We have made use of cultured(More)
The interaction of platelet membrane glycoprotein VI (GPVI) with collagen can initiate (patho)physiological thrombus formation. The viper venom C-type lectin family proteins convulxin and alboaggregin-A activate platelets by interacting with GPVI. In this study, we isolated from white-lipped tree viper (Trimeresurus albolabris) venom, alborhagin, which is(More)
Murine haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are contained in the Kit+Sca1+Lin(-) (KSL) population of bone marrow and are able to repopulate lethally irradiated mice. Myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) are thought to be clonogenic diseases arising at the level of the HSC. Here, we show that mice expressing low levels of the transcription factor c-Myb, as the(More)
This study examined the expression of the platelet collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI) in megakaryocyte cell lines and primary megakaryocytes by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and by flow cytometry and ligand blotting using the snake venom toxin convulxin. Expression of GPVI is increased in the megakaryoblastic cell lines HEL and CMK(More)
A large proportion of the biologically active proteins and peptides present within snake venoms interact with components of the haemostatic system to promote or inhibit the normal sequence of events that lead to clot formation. The venom proteins achieve their effects through interaction with various components of the coagulation cascade, endothelial matrix(More)
The major activation-inducing collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI) has been cloned within the last two years. It is a member of the Ig superfamily of proteins and is constitutively associated with the ITAM-bearing Fc receptor gamma-chain (FcR gamma-chain). GPVI signals through a pathway that involves several of the proteins used by Fc, B- and(More)
The glycoprotein (GP)-Ib-IX-V receptor complex has recently been reported to signal through a pathway similar to that used by the collagen receptor GPVI, with a critical role described for the Fc receptor gamma-chain. The evidence for this was based in part on studies with the GPIbalpha-selective snake venom toxin, alboaggregin-A. In the present study, it(More)
This review summarises some of the key developments that have taken place in our understanding of platelet-collagen interactions within the last 18 months. Within this time, the major activatory collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI) has been sequenced and shown to reconstitute collagen responses in a megakaryocytic cell line. It is a member of the Ig(More)
BACKGROUND Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a physiologic receptor for collagen expressed at the surface of platelets and megakaryocytes. Constitutive dimerization of GPVI has been proposed as being necessary for the interaction with collagen, although direct evidence of dimerization has not been reported in cell lines or platelets. OBJECTIVES To investigate(More)