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—This paper presents the design of a third-order Σ∆ modulator targeted for WCDMA applications. The architecture uses two operational amplifiers and distributed fully digital feed-forward paths to minimize the output swing of op-amps. Simulation results show that first and second integrator output swings are reduced by 88% and 75%, respectively. Post-layout(More)
—The design of Continuous-Time (CT) Sigma-Delta modulator obtained by a discrete-time prototype is discussed. A proper heuristic transformation of the prototype enables an exact equivalence of CT and DT. This permits the trimming by computer simulations of the coefficients of the CT to account for the effect of real analog blocks. Simulation results for a(More)
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