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The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study of aging, a participant of the worldwide Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), performed (11)C-Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) scans in 177 healthy controls (HC), 57 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects, and 53 mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. High PiB binding was present in(More)
Accurate cortical thickness estimation is important for the study of many neurodegenerative diseases. Many approaches have been previously proposed, which can be broadly categorised as mesh-based and voxel-based. While the mesh-based approaches can potentially achieve subvoxel resolution, they usually lack the computational efficiency needed for clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether global and regional beta-amyloid (Abeta) burden as measured with 11C Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) PET is associated with hippocampal atrophy characterized using MRI in healthy controls and patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) or Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS Ninety-two elderly healthy controls, 32(More)
Beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposition is one of the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), Abeta burden can be quantified using (11)C PiB PET. Neuropathological studies have shown that the initial plaques are located in the temporal and orbitofrontal cortices, extending later to the cingulate, frontal and parietal cortices (Braak and Braak,(More)
Beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques are one of the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and can be quantified using the marker 11C PiB. As l1C PiB PET images have limited anatomical information, an Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) is usually acquired to perform the spatial normalization needed for population analysis. We designed and evaluated a(More)
In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), accuracy and precision with which brain structures may be quantified are frequently affected by the partial volume (PV) effect. PV is due to the limited spatial resolution of MRI compared to the size of anatomical structures. Accurate classification of mixed voxels and correct estimation of the proportion of each pure(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Radiotracers such as (11)C-PiB have enabled the in vivo imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in the brain, one of the histopathologic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) has become the most common normalization for (11)C-PiB as it does not require dynamic scans or blood sampling. Normalization is(More)
Deformable registration of cortical surfaces facilitates longitudinal and intergroup comparisons of cortical structure and function in the study of many neurodegenerative diseases. Non-rigid cortical matching is a challenging task due to the large variability between individuals and the complexity of the cortex. We present a new framework for computing(More)
This paper presents a new approach dealing with virtual exploratory navigation inside vascular structures. It is based on the notion of active vision in which only visual perception drives the motion of the virtual angioscope. The proposed fly-through approach does not require a premodeling of the volume dataset or an interactive control of the virtual(More)