Oscar A Cruz

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment of amblyopia in children aged 7 to 17 years. METHODS At 49 clinical sites, 507 patients with amblyopic eye visual acuity ranging from 20/40 to 20/400 were provided with optimal optical correction and then randomized to a treatment group (2-6 hours per day of prescribed patching combined with near visual(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine variations in central corneal thickness (CCT) of preschool and school-aged African American and white children. Secondary aims were to assess possible correlations between CCT measurements and gender, axial length, intraocular pressure (IOP), family history of glaucoma, or history of prematurity. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE To identify common perceptions and ideas about preparation and planning for retirement of chairs of academic departments of ophthalmology, determining areas of particular stress and proposing ways to better prepare for retirement. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS One-hundred sixteen chairs of academic departments of ophthalmology in(More)
PURPOSE Cyclic ocular deviations are relatively uncommon and are seldom seen in adults. We report 3 adult patients with cyclic hypotropia that has clinical characteristics similar to neuromyotonia, suggesting a possible common etiology. METHODS Three consecutive patients with 48-hour cyclic hypotropia underwent full neuro-ophthalmologic, oculoplastics,(More)
PURPOSE The type of horizontal strabismus from loss or impairment of vision is thought to depend on patient age at the time of vision loss. Association between the age at onset of vision loss and development of esotropia vs exotropia will be determined. METHODS Patients with a diagnosis of sensory strabismus and visual acuity of 20/40 or poorer were(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the results of extraocular surgery in patients with large exotropias from "wall-eyed" bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (WEBINO). METHODS Eight patients with WEBINO evaluated between November 1994 and October 2006 underwent extraocular muscle surgery. Three patients required a second procedure. RESULTS An 85% reduction in(More)
BACKGROUND Uveitis associated with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is an important cause of visual impairment in children. Because uveitis is often asymptomatic in this age group, frequent ophthalmologic screening examinations are recommended. Recent reports have found a decrease in the prevalence and severity of uveitis in JRA when compared to older(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the incidence of burnout in chairs of academic departments of ophthalmology, identify stressors, and propose methods for reducing and preventing burnout in our academic leaders. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS One-hundred thirty-one chairs of academic departments of ophthalmology in the United States and Canada. METHODS(More)
The authors retrospectively analyzed the visual outcome and incidence of complications of 181 consecutive cases of phacoemulsification performed by eight third-year ophthalmology residents. A posterior chamber intraocular lens was implanted in 179 of these eyes. Vitreous loss occurred in 5.5% of cases. The overall incidence of posterior capsule rupture was(More)
PURPOSE In a prospective observational study, we previously reported that weaning (tapering or gradually reducing) treatment in children treated with 6 to 8 hours of daily patching for amblyopia resulted in a 4-fold reduction in odds of recurrence. We now report the association of additional factors with recurrence or regression of amblyopia in this same(More)