Osamu Yagasaki

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Oral or intravenous administration of allethrin, a synthetic derivative of the pirethrin-based insecticides, produces neurotoxic symptoms consisting of mild salivation, hyperexcitability, tremors and convulsions which result in death. Intracerebroventricular injection of allethrin to mouse at about one-nineth the dose of intravenous administration, produced(More)
The effects of L-type calcium channel antagonists and omega-conotoxin on the contractile responses of guinea pig vas deferens were examined in vitro. Electrical stimulation of the postganglionic hypogastric nerve induced biphasic contraction consisting of rapid phasic and delayed tonic components. L-type calcium channel antagonists, such as diltiazem,(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) have modulatory effects on spontaneous and nicotine-induced release of acetylcholine (ACh) from the myenteric plexus of guinea pig ileum. To determine whether cyclic AMP is involved in the mechanisms of these effects, we studied ACh release under conditions that inhibit PG synthesis. Indomethacin (IND), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor,(More)
Possible mediators of descending inhibition in the rat proximal colon were studied. Localized distension with a small balloon caused relaxation of the circular muscle on the anal side of the distended region. This relaxation was still observed after the colonic segment had been desensitized to ATP, neurotensin and vasoactive intestinal peptide, so these(More)
Nonadrenergic and noncholinergic (NANC) inhibitory responses in circular and longitudinal muscles of the rat ileum were studied separately in vitro. Localized distension with a small balloon caused relaxation of the circular muscle on the anal side of the distended region. Nitro-arginine inhibited the relaxation and L-arginine counteracted the effect of(More)
Release of acetylcholine (ACh) by prostaglandin E1 from the nerve terminals of the guinea-pig longitudinal muscle strip was studied in order to reveal the effect of PGE1 on myenteric plexus activity. The ACh released was collected in the presence of physostigmine (2.1 microgram ml-1) and choline (0.1 microgram ml-1) at 38 degrees C. Five to 100 ng ml-1 PGE1(More)
1. The effects of ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (AF64A) on the cholinergic neurotransmission in the sixth abdominal ganglion of the cockroach were studied electrophysiologically and morphologically. 2. The pre- and post-synaptic compound action potentials (CAPs) elicited via electrical stimulation of the presynaptic fibers were recorded(More)
1. Descending inhibition in the proximal and distal portions of rat colon was studied separately, in vitro. 2. In the proximal colon, localized distension with a small balloon caused three types of response (contraction; relaxation; relaxation, then contraction) of the circular muscle on the anal side of the distended region. 3. Distension caused descending(More)
Cadmium ion (Cd2+) was examined for effects on frequency of miniature end-plate potentials (m.e.p.p.s) under several conditions in mouse diaphragm muscles. Cd2+ depressed potassium (K+)-stimulated rise in m.e.p.p. frequency, acting antagonistically to Ca2+, whereas in the absence of K+ stimulation Cd2+ produced a time- and concentration-dependent rise in(More)
The role of sialic acid in the frequency of miniature endplate potentials (MEPPs) was examined using neuraminidase and gangliosides in the mouse diaphragm. Neuraminidase increased and decreased MEPP frequency in normal K+ and high K+ solution, respectively. The effects were dependent on the presence of Ca2+ in extracellular medium. Neuraminidase liberated(More)