Osamu Uemura

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The habenulae are part of an evolutionarily highly conserved limbic-system conduction pathway that connects telencephalic nuclei to the interpeduncular nucleus (IPN) of the midbrain . In zebrafish, unilateral activation of the Nodal signaling pathway in the left brain specifies the laterality of the asymmetry of habenular size . We show "laterotopy" in the(More)
Islet-1 (Isl1) is a member of the Isl1 family of LIM-homeodomain transcription factors (LIM-HD) that is expressed in a defined subset of motor and sensory neurons during vertebrate embryogenesis. To investigate how this specific expression of isl1 is regulated, we searched for enhancers of the isl1 gene that are conserved in vertebrate evolution. Initially,(More)
BACKGROUND Except for Reye's syndrome, influenza-associated acute encephalopathy or encephalitis is not universally recognised. We did a multicentre study of laboratory and clinical data for patients with influenza-associated acute encephalopathy or encephalitis. METHODS In Nagoya, Japan, ten patients with acute encephalopathy or encephalitis associated(More)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal impairment. Approximately 10% of cases are classified as atypical due to the absence of Shiga toxin-producing bacteria as a trigger. Uncontrolled activation of the complement system plays a role in the pathogenesis of atypical HUS (aHUS).(More)
Topographic neuronal maps arise as a consequence of axon trajectory choice correlated with the localisation of neuronal soma, but the identity of the pathways coordinating these processes is unknown. We addressed this question in the context of the myotopic map formed by limb muscles innervated by spinal lateral motor column (LMC) motor axons where the Eph(More)
Podocin is an integral membrane protein encoded by NPHS2, which is mapped to 1q25–31 and is exclusively expressed in glomerular podocytes. NPHS2 mutations are responsible for autosomal recessive familial steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) with minor glomerular abnormalities or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), which is characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children is a progressive and intractable condition that may severely impair the child's growth, development and quality of life. Epidemiological information on pediatric CKD, particularly in Asians, is scant. METHODS We conducted a nationwide, population-based survey of Japanese children aged 3 months to 15(More)
Renal inulin clearance is the gold standard for evaluation of kidney function, but cannot be measured easily in children. Therefore, we utilize the serum creatinine (Cr)-based estimated GFR (eGFR) measuring serum Cr by the enzymatic method, and we have reported simple serum Cr-based eGFR in Japanese children aged between 2 and 11 years old. Furthermore, we(More)
Renal inulin clearance is the gold standard for glomerular filtration rate (GFR), but is compromised by problems of collecting urine samples in children, especially those <6 years of age or with a bladder dysfunction. Therefore, we should utilize the serum creatinine (Cr)-based estimated GFR (eGFR), measuring serum Cr by enzymatic method. The updated(More)
Darbepoetin alfa (DA) is an attractive alternative to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in managing renal anemia. Since DA has not been approved by the appropriate Japanese drug regulatory agencies for the indication of renal anemia in children in Japan, we have conducted a multicenter prospective study to determine the efficacy and safety of DA in(More)