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Interleukin (IL)-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine consisting of a novel p19 molecule and the p40 subunit of IL-12. Since secreted p40 can act as an antagonist for IL-12, we investigated whether p40 also inhibited IL-23-mediated immunological functions. p40 did not induce interferon (IFN)-gamma or IL-17 production from splenocytes but impaired IL-23-induced(More)
A novel cytokine interleukin-27 (IL-27), composed of p28 and Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3), is produced from activated dendritic cells and is involved in an early phase of T-helper type I differentiation. We examined whether Colon 26 murine colon carcinoma cells that were retrovirally transduced with the p28-linked EBI3 gene (Colon 26/IL-27)(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF superfamily, which is capable of inducing apoptosis in many cell types, including tumour and virus-infected cells, but rarely in normal cells. Expression of TRAIL mRNA and TRAIL receptors has previously been detected in neutrophils; however, the expression of TRAIL(More)
We examined whether novel cytokines, interleukin (IL)-21 and IL-23, that were expressed in tumors could produce antitumor effects in the inoculated mice. Human pancreatic cancer AsPC-1 cells were retrovirally transduced with murine IL-21 or IL-23 (p19-linked p40) gene (AsPC-1/IL-21, AsPC-1/IL-23) and were injected into nude or severe combined(More)
Mortality from lung cancer is important worldwide. Recently, epigenetic aberration of lung cancer, not only genomic DNA methylation but also chromatin modification, has become an important target for lung cancer research, although previous research has demonstrated that lung cancer develops as a result of both environmental and genetic factors. Here, we(More)
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) is a novel cytokine that can induce proliferation of activated T cells and maturation of natural killer (NK) cells. We therefore examined whether expression of the IL-21 gene in tumor cells could generate antitumor responses. Murine colon carcinoma Colon 26 cells that were transduced with the mouse IL-21 gene (Colon 26/IL-21) were(More)
Interleukin-23 (IL-23), a novel cytokine composed of a newly identified p19 molecule and the p40 subunit of IL-12, can stimulate the proliferation in vitro of memory T cells. We examined whether Colon 26 murine colon carcinoma cells that were retrovirally transduced with the p19-linked p40 gene (Colon 26/IL-23) could produce antitumor effects in inoculated(More)
CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on the surface of normal and cancer stem cells (tumor-initiating cells), progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to the fundamental properties of(More)
Infectivity of adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) to cells depends primarily on its fiber-mediated binding to the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) on target cells. Down-regulated CAR expression, often found in human tumors, hampered Ad5-mediated gene transfer. Ad 11 and Ad 35, belonging to a subtype B group, use CD46 as their cellular receptors;(More)
Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is a new IL-12-related heterodimeric cytokine comprising a novel p28 molecule and the Epstein-Barr-virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3) molecules. It augments initiation of T helper type 1-mediated immunity by enhancing the proliferation and cytokine production of T cells. In this study, we examined whether a secreted form of IL-27 subunits(More)