Osamu Shimozato

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CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on the surface of normal and cancer stem cells (tumor-initiating cells), progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to the fundamental properties of(More)
Interleukin (IL)-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine consisting of a novel p19 molecule and the p40 subunit of IL-12. Since secreted p40 can act as an antagonist for IL-12, we investigated whether p40 also inhibited IL-23-mediated immunological functions. p40 did not induce interferon (IFN)-gamma or IL-17 production from splenocytes but impaired IL-23-induced(More)
Interleukin (IL)-23 and IL-27 have been recently identified as members of the IL-12 heterodimeric cytokine family. The cytokines are released from activated dentritic cells and play a crucial role in cell-mediated immunity. Expression profiles of the cytokines' receptors suggest that target cells of the cytokines are distinct depending on T cell maturation(More)
A novel cytokine interleukin-27 (IL-27), composed of p28 and Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3), is produced from activated dendritic cells and is involved in an early phase of T-helper type I differentiation. We examined whether Colon 26 murine colon carcinoma cells that were retrovirally transduced with the p28-linked EBI3 gene (Colon 26/IL-27)(More)
Infectivity of adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) to cells depends primarily on its fiber-mediated binding to the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) on target cells. Down-regulated CAR expression, often found in human tumors, hampered Ad5-mediated gene transfer. Ad 11 and Ad 35, belonging to a subtype B group, use CD46 as their cellular receptors;(More)
Selective expression of a therapeutic gene in tumors contributes to the efficacy and the safety of cancer therapy. Regulatory regions of genes that are preferentially expressed in tumors have been examined. The regions of the survivin gene exhibited the greatest activity in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Deletion of the survivin regulatory region(More)
It has been shown that MDM2 inhibits the transcriptional and pro-apoptotic activities of p73 but does not promote its proteasomal degradation. In this study, we found that MDM2 indirectly induces the degradation of p73 through the interaction with Itch in HeLa cells. During adriamycin (ADR)-mediated apoptosis, p53 and p73 were induced to stabilize in(More)
During the lifespan of cells, their genomic DNA is continuously exposed to theendogenous and exogenous DNA insults. Thus, the appropriate cellular response to DNAdamage plays a pivotal role in maintaining genomic integrity and also acts as a molecularbarrier towards DNA legion-mediated carcinogenesis. The tumor suppressor p53 participatesin an integral part(More)
Interleukin-23 (IL-23), a novel cytokine composed of a newly identified p19 molecule and the p40 subunit of IL-12, can stimulate the proliferation in vitro of memory T cells. We examined whether Colon 26 murine colon carcinoma cells that were retrovirally transduced with the p19-linked p40 gene (Colon 26/IL-23) could produce antitumor effects in inoculated(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF superfamily, which is capable of inducing apoptosis in many cell types, including tumour and virus-infected cells, but rarely in normal cells. Expression of TRAIL mRNA and TRAIL receptors has previously been detected in neutrophils; however, the expression of TRAIL(More)