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A number of linkage studies have previously implicated the region of chromosome 13q34 in schizophrenia. Chumakov and colleagues (2002) identified a gene complex called G72 (now termed D-amino acid oxidase activator: DAOA)/G30 in this region and performed association analyses of the DAOA/G30 as well as the D-amino-acid oxidase (DAAO) gene with schizophrenia.(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an enzyme which inactivates catecholamine neurotransmitters by methylation, and is considered a candidate for involvement in schizophrenia. A functional COMT gene polymorphism influencing the enzyme activities, the high activity (val-108) and the low activity allele (met-108), was recently confirmed. We investigated a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been identified as a widespread and multifunctional biological messenger molecule in the central nervous system (CNS), with possible roles in neurotransmission, neurosecretion, synaptic plasticity, and tissue injury in many neurological disorders, including schizophrenia. Neuronal NO is widely produced in the brain from L-arginine(More)
Synapsins are synaptic vesicle-associated phosphoproteins and are thought to play crucial roles in synaptogenesis and neurotransmitter release. Synaptic abnormalities have been reported in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In addition, the synapsin III gene, a member of the synapsin gene family, has been located at 22q12-13, which has been suggested as(More)
There has been increasing evidence that deranged superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities might be a risk factor for schizophrenia and/or tardive dyskinesia (TD). In the present study, we investigated the genetic association between a functional polymorphism (Ala-9Val) in the human manganese (Mn) SOD gene and schizophrenia or TD (192 schizophrenics: 39 with TD(More)
The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene is considered one of the candidate genes contributing to the development of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In the present study, we investigated the genetic association between three functional polymorphisms (Ser311Cys, -141C Ins/Del and TaqI A) in the DRD2 gene and TD (200 patients with schizophrenia: 44 with TD and 156(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress such as free radical-mediated neuronal dysfunction may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The human glutathione peroxidase (GPX1) is a selenium-dependent enzyme, which plays an important role in the detoxification of free radicals. We therefore hypothesized that the GPX1 gene, which is located on chromosome(More)
A possible involvement of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of tardive dyskinesia (TD) has previously been proposed (reviewed in [Andreassen, O.A., Jorgensen, H.A., 2000. Neurotoxicity associated with neuroleptic-induced oral dyskinesias in rats. Implications for tardive dyskinesia? Progress in Neurobiology 61, 525-541.]). Long-term administration of(More)
The dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) is considered being one of the candidate genes contributing to the development of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In a recent meta-analysis with mixed ethnicities, only a barely positive association was found between the functional DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism and TD in patients with schizophrenia (OR=1.17; 95% CI: 1.01-1.37;(More)
The underlying pathophysiology of primary polydipsia in schizophrenia (SCZ) is poorly understood. Our previous study, however, suggested that this condition may have a genetic component [Shinkai et al 2003 Am J Med Genet 119B 7-12]. Orexins, also called hypocretins, play an important role in feeding and drinking behavior. Administration of orexin in rats(More)