Osamu Ohmori

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Nitric oxide (NO) has been identified as a widespread and multifunctional biological messenger molecule in the central nervous system (CNS), with possible roles in neurotransmission, neurosecretion, synaptic plasticity, and tissue injury in many neurological disorders, including schizophrenia. Neuronal NO is widely produced in the brain from L-arginine(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a nerve growth factor that plays an important role in the development and maintenance of adult neurons and is important regulator of synaptic plasticity in human brain. It has been reported that there are alterations in BDNF levels in the brains of patients with schizophrenia. It has also been reported that(More)
Serotonergic neurotransmission may be involved in the etiology of schizophrenia. We systematically searched for human tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) coding polymorphisms, and detected a novel pentanucleotide repeat deletion polymorphism (GTTTT)4/5 in TPH intron 1b. We also confirmed A779C intron 7. Neither polymorphism showed a significant association with(More)
Glioblastomas are highly lethal cancers that resist current therapies. Novel therapies under development target molecular mechanisms that promote glioblastoma growth. In glioblastoma patient specimens, the non-receptor tyrosine kinase focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is overexpressed. Upon growth factor receptor stimulation or integrin engagement, FAK is(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an enzyme which inactivates catecholamine neurotransmitters by methylation, and is considered a candidate for involvement in schizophrenia. A functional COMT gene polymorphism influencing the enzyme activities, the high activity (val-108) and the low activity allele (met-108), was recently confirmed. We investigated a(More)
The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene is considered one of the candidate genes contributing to the development of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In the present study, we investigated the genetic association between three functional polymorphisms (Ser311Cys, -141C Ins/Del and TaqI A) in the DRD2 gene and TD (200 patients with schizophrenia: 44 with TD and 156(More)
A number of linkage studies have previously implicated the region of chromosome 13q34 in schizophrenia. Chumakov and colleagues (2002) identified a gene complex called G72 (now termed d-amino acid oxidase activator: DAOA)/G30 in this region and performed association analyses of the DAOA/G30 as well as the d-amino-acid oxidase (DAAO) gene with schizophrenia.(More)
Multiple genetic aberrations in human gliomas contribute to their highly infiltrative and rapid growth characteristics. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates tumor migration and invasion. Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), whose expression correlates with tumor grade, is involved in proliferation and survival. We hypothesized that inhibiting(More)
Synapsins are synaptic vesicle-associated phosphoproteins and are thought to play crucial roles in synaptogenesis and neurotransmitter release. Synaptic abnormalities have been reported in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In addition, the synapsin III gene, a member of the synapsin gene family, has been located at 22q12-13, which has been suggested as(More)