Learn More
Glioblastomas are highly lethal cancers that resist current therapies. Novel therapies under development target molecular mechanisms that promote glioblastoma growth. In glioblastoma patient specimens, the non-receptor tyrosine kinase focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is overexpressed. Upon growth factor receptor stimulation or integrin engagement, FAK is(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been identified as a widespread and multifunctional biological messenger molecule in the central nervous system (CNS), with possible roles in neurotransmission, neurosecretion, synaptic plasticity, and tissue injury in many neurological disorders, including schizophrenia. Neuronal NO is widely produced in the brain from L-arginine(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an enzyme which inactivates catecholamine neurotransmitters by methylation, and is considered a candidate for involvement in schizophrenia. A functional COMT gene polymorphism influencing the enzyme activities, the high activity (val-108) and the low activity allele (met-108), was recently confirmed. We investigated a(More)
A number of linkage studies have previously implicated the region of chromosome 13q34 in schizophrenia. Chumakov and colleagues (2002) identified a gene complex called G72 (now termed D-amino acid oxidase activator: DAOA)/G30 in this region and performed association analyses of the DAOA/G30 as well as the D-amino-acid oxidase (DAAO) gene with schizophrenia.(More)
Synapsins are synaptic vesicle-associated phosphoproteins and are thought to play crucial roles in synaptogenesis and neurotransmitter release. Synaptic abnormalities have been reported in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In addition, the synapsin III gene, a member of the synapsin gene family, has been located at 22q12-13, which has been suggested as(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is often up-regulated in a variety of malignancies, including gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and its overexpression seems to be associated with tumor progressiveness and poor prognosis. GIST is well known to have a mutation to c-KIT; thus, a specific c-KIT inhibitor (imatinib) is recognized as the first-line chemotherapy(More)
Dysregulation in the dopaminergic system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). Dopamine D3 receptors (DRD3) concentrated in limbic regions of the brain (important for cognitive, emotional and endocrine function) may be particularly relevant to SCZ. A recent meta-analysis with mixed ethnicities reported a marginal significant(More)
A series of 2-amino-9-aryl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines were designed and synthesized to target focal adhesion kinase (FAK). A number of these pyrrolopyrimides exhibited low micromolar inhibitory activities against focal adhesion kinase, and their preliminary SAR was established via systematic chemical modifications. The(More)
Multiple genetic aberrations in human gliomas contribute to their highly infiltrative and rapid growth characteristics. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates tumor migration and invasion. Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), whose expression correlates with tumor grade, is involved in proliferation and survival. We hypothesized that inhibiting(More)