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In the molecular mechanism of division plane determination and contractile ring formation, Tetrahymena 85kDa protein (p85) is localized to the presumptive division plane before the formation of the contractile ring. p85 directly interacts with Tetrahymena calmodulin (CaM) in a Ca2+-dependent manner, and p85 and CaM colocalize in the division furrow. A(More)
Actin from Tetrahymena pyriformis has been purified by monitoring the presence of the actin gene product with an antiserum against a synthetic N-terminal peptide deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the Tetrahymena actin gene that we cloned previously. This highly purified Tetrahymena actin shares many essential properties with ubiquitous actin,(More)
Though actin is ubiquitous in eukaryotes, its existence has not been clearly proven in Tetrahymena. Recently, we have succeeded in cloning and sequencing the Tetrahymena actin gene using a Dictyostelium actin probe (Hirono, M. et al. (1987) J. Mol. Biol. 194, 181-192). The primary structure of the Tetrahymena actin deduced from the nucleotide sequence of(More)
Actin is ubiquitous in eukaryotes, nevertheless its existence has not yet been clearly proven in Tetrahymena. Here we report the cloning and sequencing of an actin gene from the genomic library of Tetrahymena pyriformis using a Dictyostelium actin gene as a probe. The Tetrahymena actin gene has no intron. The predicted actin is composed of 375 amino acids(More)
The Tetrahymena Ca(2+)-binding protein of 25 kDa (TCBP-25) is a member of the calmodulin family containing four EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding loops, but its biological role has not yet been investigated. In this study, TCBP-25 was expressed in Escherichia coli as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein and then purified. Purified TCBP-25 showed a typical(More)
Tetrahymena contains a micronucleus and a macronucleus. The micronucleus divides with typical mitosis, while the macronucleus divides amitotically. Although the mechanism responsible for macronuclear division was previously unknown, we clarified the organization of microtubules during macronuclear division. The macronuclear microtubules dynamically changed(More)
The contractile ring (CR) consists of bundled actin filaments and myosin II; however, the actin-bundling factor remains elusive. We show that the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe IQGAP Rng2 is involved in the generation of CR F-actin and required for its arrangement into a ring. An N-terminal fragment of Rng2 is necessary for the function of Rng2 and(More)
BACKGROUND Emission from rice straw burning (ERSB) is observed everywhere after harvest of rice in Niigata Prefecture every year. Pediatricians and many guardians in this district have had the impression that ERSB may induce asthma attack. Recent studies have suggested that particulate air pollution plays a role in the exacerbation of asthma. The authors(More)
Actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin is widely expressed in eukaryotes and plays a central role in reorganizing the actin cytoskeleton by disassembling actin filaments. The ADF-homologous domain (ADF-H) is conserved in several other actin-modulating proteins such as twinfilin, Abp1/drebrin, and coactosin. Although these proteins interact with actin via(More)
We previously reported that transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) activates p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and p38 MAP kinase, resulting in the stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) synthesis in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of stress-activated protein kinase/c-(More)