Osamu Miyazaki

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OBJECTIVE The high-molecular weight (HMW) form of adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived insulin-sensitizing hormone, has been reported to be the most active form of this hormone. We investigated whether measurement of plasma HMW adiponectin levels, using our newly developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system for selective measurement of human HMW(More)
Prebeta1-HDL is a minor HDL subfraction that acts as an efficient initial acceptor of cell-derived free cholesterol. During 37 degrees C incubation, plasma prebeta1-HDL decreases over time due to its conversion to alpha-migrating HDL by lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). This conversion may be delayed in hemodialysis patients who have decreased(More)
Probucol is a unique hypolipidemic agent that increases cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity. Enhanced CETP-mediated conversion of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) partly explains the probucol-induced decrease in HDL cholesterol and increase in plasma prebeta1-HDL (native lipid-poor HDL) concentrations. However, HDL cholesterol is reduced in(More)
Proteoglycans (PGs) are a major component of the extracellular matrix in many tissues and function as structural and regulatory molecules. PGs are composed of core proteins and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains. The biosynthesis of GAGs starts with the linker region that consists of four sugar residues and is followed by repeating disaccharide units. By(More)
Use of the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification system has been strongly recommended in recent years because of the need for separate therapeutic measures for patients with vascular tumors and malformations. In the ISSVA classification system, vascular tumors, which are neoplastic, are distinguished from vascular(More)
Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) have not been established in Japan. To propose DRLs for CT of the head, chest and abdomen for three pediatric age groups. We sent a nationwide questionnaire by post to 339 facilities. Questions focused on pediatric CT technology, exposure parameters, CT protocols, and radiation doses for age groups <1 year, 1-5 years, and(More)
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone and known to form several species of multimer, however, the precise components of each multimer have not been fully determined. We purified each multimer adiponectin selectively from human plasma and characterized them by affinity columns using anti-adiponectin, gelatin, or anti-albumin antibody and gel(More)
BACKGROUND Physical exercise is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, which may be partly caused by the effect of exercise on the lipoprotein profile. The most consistent effect of exercise on lipoprotein metabolism is an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). METHODS AND RESULTS Parameters of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT)(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Liver transplantation was previously indicated as a curative operation for congenital absence of portal vein. Recent advances in radiological interventional techniques can precisely visualize the architecture of the intrahepatic portal system (IHPS). Therefore, the therapeutic approach for congenital portosystemic shunt (CPS) needs to be(More)
Preconditioning total body irradiation (TBI) prior to bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has been believed to be a safe procedure that does not cause late morbidity; yet, a recent report raises the suspicion that TBI-induced chondroosseous abnormalities do occur. To evaluate the radiological manifestations of TBI-induced skeletal alterations and their(More)