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Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) have not been established in Japan. To propose DRLs for CT of the head, chest and abdomen for three pediatric age groups. We sent a nationwide questionnaire by post to 339 facilities. Questions focused on pediatric CT technology, exposure parameters, CT protocols, and radiation doses for age groups <1 year, 1-5 years, and(More)
Probucol is a unique hypolipidemic agent that increases cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity. Enhanced CETP-mediated conversion of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) partly explains the probucol-induced decrease in HDL cholesterol and increase in plasma prebeta1-HDL (native lipid-poor HDL) concentrations. However, HDL cholesterol is reduced in(More)
Axial spondylometaphyseal dysplasia (SMD) (OMIM 602271) is an uncommon skeletal dysplasia characterized by metaphyseal changes of truncal-juxtatruncal bones, including the proximal femora, and retinal abnormalities. The disorder has not attracted much attention since initially reported; however, it has been included in the nosology of genetic skeletal(More)
OBJECTIVE The high-molecular weight (HMW) form of adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived insulin-sensitizing hormone, has been reported to be the most active form of this hormone. We investigated whether measurement of plasma HMW adiponectin levels, using our newly developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system for selective measurement of human HMW(More)
Proteoglycans (PGs) are a major component of the extracellular matrix in many tissues and function as structural and regulatory molecules. PGs are composed of core proteins and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains. The biosynthesis of GAGs starts with the linker region that consists of four sugar residues and is followed by repeating disaccharide units. By(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin, an antiatherogenic adipocyte-derived protein exists in human blood as multiple isoforms--trimeric low molecular weight (LMW), albumin-binding LMW (Alb-LMW), hexameric middle molecular weight (MMW), and high molecular weight (HMW) forms. We developed a novel ELISA system to detect total human adiponectin and the selective level of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate how much radiation dose can be reduced without loss of low-contrast detectability with a newly developed adaptive noise reduction filter in hepatic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scans by using a computer-simulated liver phantom. MATERIALS AND METHODS Simulated CT images, including liver and(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to optimize a novel adaptive noise reduction filter based on patient body weight and to investigate its utility for improving the image quality of low-dose hepatic computed tomography (CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS The tube current-time product was changed from 140 to 180 and from 60 to 100 mAs at standard- and(More)
We have established an immunoassay for pre beta 1-HDL (the initial acceptor of cellular cholesterol) using a monoclonal antibody, MAb55201. Because pre beta 1-HDL is unstable during storage, fresh plasma must be used for pre beta 1-HDL measurements. In this study, we describe a method of stabilizing pre beta 1-HDL, and evaluate the analytical performance of(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and fatal pulmonary fibrotic disease and useful biomarkers are required to diagnose and predict disease activity. CCN2 (connective tissue growth factor; CTGF) has been reported as one of the key profibrotic factors associated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and its assay has(More)