Learn More
The Corynebacterium glutamicum ('Brevibacterium lactofermentum' AJ12036) odhA gene, encoding 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E1o subunit of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex), has been isolated and identified as an homologous counterpart of the Escherichia coll sucA and Bacillus subtilis odhA genes. The nucleotide sequence of a 4394 bp chromosomal(More)
The effect of a phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP) synthetase gene (prs) that was desensitized to feedback inhibition by ADP on inosine accumulation was investigated using an inosine-producing mutant of Escherichia coli. At the same time, various types of plasmid having a PRPP amidotransferase gene (purF) that was desensitized to feedback inhibition by AMP(More)
In Escherichia coli, aroF, aroG, and aroH encode 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase isozymes that are feedback inhibited by tyrosine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan, respectively. In vitro chemical mutagenesis of the cloned aroG gene was used to identify residues and regions of the polypeptide essential for phenylalanine feedback inhibition.
Several regulators of methionine biosynthesis have been reported in Escherichia coli, which might represent barriers to the production of excess l-methionine (Met). In order to examine the effects of these factors on Met biosynthesis and metabolism, deletion mutations of the methionine repressor (metJ) and threonine biosynthetic (thrBC) genes were(More)
For the derivation of an inosine-overproducing strain from the wild type microorganism, it is known that the addition of an adenine requirement, removal of purine nucleoside hydrolyzing activity, removal of the feedback inhibition, and repression of key enzymes in the purine nucleotides biosynthetic pathway are essential. Thus, the disruption of purA(More)
During previous work on deriving inosine-producing mutants of Escherichia coli, we observed that an excess of adenine added to the culture medium was quickly converted to hypoxanthine. This phenomenon was still apparent after disruption of the known adenosine deaminase gene (add) on the E. coli chromosome, suggesting that, like Bacillus subtilis, E. coli(More)
A xapA-disrupted mutant was studied to minimize hypoxanthine production and to improve inosine productivity in mutants of Escherichia coli. The xapA-disrupted mutant accumulated 5.6 g/l of inosine from 40 g/l of glucose, while the parent strain accumulated 4.6 g/l. This result indicates that xapA is activated in xapA-positive inosine-producers and that xapA(More)
Using an inosine-producing mutant of Escherichia coli, the contributions of the central carbon metabolism for overproducing inosine were investigated. Sodium gluconate instead of glucose was tested as a carbon source to increase the supply of ribose-5-phosphate through the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway. The edd (6-phosphogluconate dehydrase(More)
The second lysine decarboxylase gene (ldc) is at 4.7 min on the Escherichia coli chromosome [Kikuchi et al., J. Baceriol. 179, 4486-4492 (1997)]. This report showes that the expression of ldc as well as cadA was induced at stationary phase in the wild type of E. coli. The ldc was not expressed in a rpoS deletion mutant of E. coli at any growing stage. In(More)
An L-isoleucine-overproducing recombinant strain of E. coli, TVD5, was also found to overproduce L-valine. The L-isoleucine productivity of TVD5 was markedly decreased by addition of L-lysine to the medium. Introduction of a gene encoding feedback-resistant aspartokinase III increased L-isoleucine productivity and decreased L-valine by-production. The(More)