Osamu Kitahara

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To identify genes involved in the development or progression of ovarian cancer, we analyzed gene expression profiles of nine ovarian tumors using a DNA microarray consisting of 9121 genes. Comparison of expression patterns between carcinomas and the corresponding normal ovarian tissues enabled us to identify 55 genes that were commonly up-regulated and 48(More)
Activation of the Wnt-signaling pathway is known to play a crucial role in carcinogenesis of various human organs including the colon, liver, prostate, and endometrium. To investigate the mechanisms underlying hepatocellular carcinogenesis, we attempted to identify genes regulated by beta-catenin/Tcf complex in a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2, in which an(More)
To disclose detailed genetic mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a view toward development of novel therapeutic targets, we analyzed expression profiles of 20 primary HCCs and their corresponding noncancerous tissues by means of cDNA microarrays consisting of 23,040 genes. Up-regulation of mitosis-promoting genes was observed in the majority(More)
To identify a set of genes involved in the development of colorectal carcinogenesis, we compared expression profiles of colorectal cancer cells from eight tumors with corresponding noncancerous colonic epithelia using a DNA microarray consisting of 9216 human genes. These cell populations had been rendered homogeneous by laser-capture microdissection.(More)
In spite of intensive and increasingly successful attempts to determine the multiple steps involved in colorectal carcinogenesis, the mechanisms responsible for metastasis of colorectal tumors to the liver remain to be clarified. To identify genes that are candidates for involvement in the metastatic process, we analyzed genome-wide expression profiles of(More)
To identify a set of genes related to radiosensitivity of cervical squamous cell carcinomas and to establish a predictive method, we compared expression profiles of 9 radiosensitive and 10 radioresistant tumors obtained by biopsy before treatment, on a cDNA microarray consisting of 23,040 human genes. We identified 121 genes whose expression was(More)
One of the most critical issues to be solved in regard to cancer chemotherapy is the need to establish a method for predicting efficacy or toxicity of anticancer drugs for individual patients. To identify genes that might be associated with chemosensitivity, we used a cDNA microarray representing 23,040 genes to analyze expression profiles in a panel of 85(More)
In response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), an ER membrane-anchored transcription factor, is transported to the Golgi apparatus and cleaved by site-1 protease (S1P) to activate the unfolded protein response (UPR). Here, we identified nucleobindin 1 (NUCB1) as a novel repressor of the S1P-mediated ATF6(More)
To explore genes that determine the sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer drugs, we investigated using cDNA microarrays the expression of 9216 genes in 39 human cancer cell lines pharmacologically characterized on treatment with various anticancer drugs. A bioinformatical approach was then exploited to identify genes related to anticancer drug(More)
Many peptide hormones elicit a wide array of physiological effects by binding to G-protein coupled receptors. We have determined the conformation of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide, PACAP(1–21)NH2, bound to a PACAP-specific receptor by NMR spectroscopy. Residues 3–7 form a unique β-coil structure that is preceded by an N-terminal extended(More)