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Follistatin is a functional antagonist of several members of the TGF-beta family of secreted signaling factors, including myostatin, the most powerful inhibitor of muscle growth characterized to date. Myostatin inhibition offers a novel therapeutic strategy for muscular dystrophy by restoring skeletal muscle mass and suppressing the progression of muscle(More)
We examined expression of four important members of myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) in the myoblasts both at mRNA and protein levels, which were subjected to mechanical stretching in in vitro condition. Our results showed that MyoD expression existed both in the stretch and in the control group at all time periods of the mechanical stimulus. Myf-5(More)
Satellite cells exist in postnatal muscle tissue and constitute the main source of muscle precursor cells for growth and repair. These cells carry out important roles for skeletal muscle formation postnatally during growth of muscle mass as well as damage-induced regenerative processes. Muscle regeneration supports muscle function in aging and has a role in(More)
To clarify changes in the muscle fibre properties of the temporal muscle related to the start of masticatory movement, we immunohistochemically investigated myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoform protein expression using pre-weaning and post-weaning mice. In addition, we examined the expression of a gene coding for those MyHC proteins. Immediately after weaning,(More)
It has been reported that the synthesis, degradation, and metabolism of muscle proteins in myoblasts, as well as the proliferation and differentiation of cells, are influenced by various related to extracellular signaling molecules, such as neural transmitters, growth factors, and hormones, when muscle tissue has been exposed to mechanical stimulation.(More)
The mdx mouse, a model of muscular dystrophy, lacks dystrophin, a cell membrane protein. It is known that the lack of dystrophin causes muscle fiber necrosis from 2 weeks after birth, and the majority of necrotic muscle fibers are replaced by regenerated muscle fibers by 4 weeks after birth. A recent study indicated the possibility that(More)
Meckel's cartilage is known to be involved in formation of the prenatal mandible. However, the relationship between Meckel's cartilage and the embryonic mylohyoid muscle during growth and development has been investigated only rarely. This study examined the expression of intermediate filaments in Meckel's cartilage and the embryonic mylohyoid muscle in(More)
Fibroblasts exist in the interstices of various organs as a component of connective tissue and are one of several types of somatic cells that have been well established in culture. They have been reported to undergo myogenic conversion and to induce the expression of genes associated with pluripotency. However, their own plasticity with regard to direct(More)
Mammals exhibit marked morphological differences in the muscles surrounding the jaw bone due to differences in eating habits. Furthermore, the myofiber properties of the muscles differ with function. Since the muscles in the oral region have various functions such as eating, swallowing, and speech, it is believed that the functional role of each muscle(More)
This study investigated the expression of the growth factors HGF and IGF-1 during the process of muscle regeneration in mdx mice. HGF and IGF-1 are reportedly expressed during the regeneration of muscle tissue in vitro. However, few studies have focused on the role of HGF and IGF-1 during muscle regeneration in mdx mice, which lack expression of the(More)