Learn More
This paper focuses on the control of systems with unknown dynamics and deals with the class of systems described by ¿=f(x,t)+h(x,t)+B(x,t)u+d(t) where h(x,t) and d(t) are unknown dynamics and unexpected disturbances, respectively. A new control method, Time Delay Control (TDC), is proposed for such systems. Under the assumption of accessibility to all the(More)
Regulating nitrification could be a key strategy in improving nitrogen (N) recovery and agronomic N-use efficiency in situations where the loss of N following nitrification is significant. A highly sensitive bioassay using recombinant luminescent Nitrosomonas europaea, has been developed that can detect and quantify the amount of nitrification inhibitors(More)
A bioluminescence assay using recombinant Nitrosomonas europaea was adopted to detect and quantify natural nitrification inhibitors in plant–soil systems. The recombinant strain of N. europaea produces a distinct two-peak luminescence due to the expression of luxAB genes, introduced from Vibrio harveyi, during nitrification. The bioluminescence produced in(More)
The histidine-containing dipeptide carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) has been shown to significantly contribute to the physicochemical buffering in skeletal muscles, which maintains acid-base balance when a large quantity of H(+) is produced in association with lactic acid accumulation during high-intensity exercise. The purpose of the present study was(More)
Nitrification results in poor nitrogen (N) recovery and negative environmental impacts in most agricultural systems. Some plant species release secondary metabolites from their roots that inhibit nitrification, a phenomenon known as biological nitrification inhibition (BNI). Here, we attempt to characterize BNI in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). In solution(More)
Nitrification, a key process in the global nitrogen cycle that generates nitrate through microbial activity, may enhance losses of fertilizer nitrogen by leaching and denitrification. Certain plants can suppress soil-nitrification by releasing inhibitors from roots, a phenomenon termed biological nitrification inhibition (BNI). Here, we report the discovery(More)
Bolus-administered intracerebroventricular (ICV) relaxin-3 has been reported to increase feeding. In this study, to examine the role of relaxin-3 signaling in energy homeostasis, we studied the effects of chronically administered ICV relaxin-3 on body weight gain and locomotor activity in rats. Two groups of animals received vehicle or relaxin-3 at 600(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin, has been reported to induce the expression of inducible isoforms of both nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in various cell types. LPS is also known to dilate systemic vasculature, including cerebral vessels. This study aimed to determine to what extent LPS induces(More)
The expression of P-450 4A isoforms responsible for the formation of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) was examined using the reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction in various nephron segments and preglomerular arterioles microdissected from the kidneys of Sprague-Dawley rats. Expression of cytochrome P-450 4A1, 4A2, 4A3, and 4A8 mRNA(More)
The control of systems with unknown dynamics is an important issue, particularly in applications where large parameter variations and unexpected disturbances are possible. Several methods have been developed for such cases. These include adaptive control, variable structure control and learning control. This paper first defines this control problem and then(More)