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One key challenge in regenerating vital organs is the survival of transplanted cells. To meet their metabolic requirements, transport by diffusion is insufficient, and a convective pathway, i.e., a vasculature, is required. Our laboratory pioneered the concept of engineering a vasculature using microfabrication in silicon and Pyrex. Here we report the(More)
Cardiomyoctes are terminally differentiated cells and therefore unable to regenerate after infarction. The use of autologous bioengineered cardiac grafts has been suggested to replace infarcted myocardium and enhance cardiac function. Here we report the development of an in vitro system for engineered myocardium. Cardiac nanofibrous meshes (CNM) were(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac tissue engineering has been proposed as a treatment to repair impaired hearts. Bioengineered cardiac grafts are created by combining autologous cell transplantation with a degradable scaffold as a temporary extracellular matrix. Here we present a system for engineered myocardium combining cultured cardiomyocytes and a novel biodegradable(More)
BACKGROUND Haissaguerre and colleagues emphasize the importance of the pulmonary veins as a source of ectopic foci for initiating paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that ectopic foci from the pulmonary veins could also act as drivers for maintaining chronic AF, and that surgical ablation of the pulmonary vein orifices could terminate(More)
OBJECTIVES Branch arteries of the aortic arch have been a blind zone for transesophageal echocardiography. Information regarding blood flow, which is important in both planned and emergency operations on the aorta, has therefore been limited. We have established a technique for visualizing these arteries in nearly all cases. METHODS In 25 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish an ex vivo cellular model of pannus, the aberrant overgrowth of human synovial tissue (ST). METHODS Inflammatory cells that infiltrated pannus tissue from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were collected without enzyme digestion, and designated as ST-derived inflammatory cells. Single-cell suspensions of ST-derived(More)
Pentoxifylline (POF) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. including suppression of TNF-alpha production by activated macrophages, Th-1 response of T cells, and fibroblasts' proliferation and metalloproteinase production. Pentoxifylline was also reported to possess therapeutic properties in 50% of severe refractory RA in an(More)
Three young women were admitted to our hospital because of severe anemia and fever of unknown origin. The patients had a long history of frequent hospitalizations and operations. During hospitalization, the patients complained of hematemesis, hematuria and fever, which were sometimes discrepant with their physical and laboratory findings. After the careful(More)