Osamu Ichihara

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Tissue transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein primarily known for its calcium-dependent enzymatic protein cross-linking activity via isopeptide bond formation between glutamine and lysine residues. TG2 overexpression and activity have been found to be associated with Huntington's disease (HD); specifically, TG2 is up-regulated in the brains(More)
Using a computational approach to assess changes in solvation thermodynamics upon ligand binding, we investigated the effects of water molecules on the binding energetics of over 20 fragment hits and their corresponding optimized lead compounds. Binding activity and X-ray crystallographic data of published fragment-to-lead optimization studies from various(More)
A new series of potent TG2 inhibitors are reported that employ a 4-aminopiperidine core bearing an acrylamide warhead. We establish the structure-activity relationship of this new series and report on the transglutaminase selectivity and in vitro ADME properties of selected compounds. We demonstrate that the compounds do not conjugate glutathione in an in(More)
Inhibitors of MAPKAP kinase 2 (MK2) are expected to attenuate the p38alpha signal transduction pathway in macrophages in a similar way to p38alpha inhibitors and to have a lower propensity for toxic side effects that have slowed the clinical development of the latter. Therefore, novel MK2 inhibitors may find therapeutic application in acute and chronic,(More)
BACKGROUND The reliable and robust estimation of ligand binding affinity continues to be a challenge in drug design. Many current methods rely on molecular mechanics (MM) calculations which do not fully explain complex molecular interactions. Full quantum mechanical (QM) computation of the electronic state of protein-ligand complexes has recently become(More)
The linking together of two fragment compounds that bind to distinct protein sub-sites can lead to a superadditivity of binding affinities, in which the binding free energy of the linked fragments exceeds the simple sum of the binding energies of individual fragments (linking coefficient E<1). However, a review of the literature shows that such events are(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) plays a key role in stress response and protection of the cell against the effects of mutation. Herein we report the identification of an Hsp90 inhibitor identified by fragment screening using a high-concentration biochemical assay, as well as its optimisation by in silico searching coupled with a structure-based drug design(More)
Driven by a steady improvement of computational hardware and significant progress in ab initio method development, quantum-mechanical approaches can now be applied to large biochemical systems and drug design. We review the methods implemented in GAMESS, which are suitable to calculate large biochemical systems. An emphasis is put on the fragment molecular(More)