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OBJECTIVE The present study was undertaken to explore the relationship between the characteristic geometry of aneurysms prone to rupture and the blood flow patterns therein, using microsurgically produced aneurysms that simulated human middle cerebral artery aneurysms in scale and shape. METHODS We measured in vivo velocity profiles using our 20-MHz,(More)
Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized in response to chemical and physical stimuli. Here, we investigated a possible role of the endothelial cell glycocalyx as a biomechanical sensor that triggers endothelial NO production by transmitting flow-related shear forces to the endothelial membrane. Isolated canine femoral arteries were perfused(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies in vitro have demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate our hypothesis that endothelium-derived H2O2 is an EDHF in vivo and plays an important role in coronary autoregulation. METHODS AND(More)
The presence of a coronary stenosis results primarily in subendocardial ischemia. Apart from the decrease in coronary perfusion pressure, a stenosis also decreases coronary flow pulsations. Applying a coronary perfusion system, we compared the autoregulatory response of subendocardial (n = 10) and subepicardial (n = 12) arterioles (<120 microm) after(More)
Using a needle-probe videomicroscope with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera, we measured the diameter of subendocardial arterioles and venules during prolonged diastole beyond the time point at which coronary blood flow reached zero. In seven open-chest heart-blocked dogs, a sheathed needle probe with a doughnut-shaped balloon was introduced from the(More)
The phase opposition of velocity waveforms between coronary arteries (predominantly diastolic) and veins (systolic) is the most prominent characteristic of coronary hemodynamics. This unique arterial and venous flow patterns indicate the importance of intramyocardial capacitance vessels and variable resistance vessels during a cardiac cycle. It was shown(More)
  • T Fujiwara, F Kajiya, +7 authors T Katsumura
  • 1988
Characteristics of blood-flow velocities were investigated at different sites in two types of coronary artery bypass grafts, sequential saphenous vein grafts (SSVG) and internal mammary artery grafts (IMAG). The latter appear to have the longest life span. The patency rate of the side-to-side anastomosis of the SSVG is better than that of the end-to-side(More)
We have previously demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) plays an important role in the canine coronary microcirculation as an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor in vivo. However, it remains to be examined whether endogenous H(2)O(2) is involved in the dilatation of coronary collaterals during myocardial ischemia in vivo(More)
Using a needle-probe videomicroscope with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera, we measured the diameter of subendocardial arterioles and venules during prolonged diastole beyond the time point at which coronary blood flow reached zero. In seven open-chest heart-blocked dogs, a sheathed needle probe with a doughnut-shaped balloon was introduced from the(More)
Time-sequential responses to endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilators and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors were studied in the subendocardial arterioles (Endo) of canine renovascular hypertension (HT) compared with subepicardial arterioles (Epi; both <120 microm) by charge-coupled device intravital microscope. Vascular responses to(More)
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