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OBJECTIVE The present study was undertaken to explore the relationship between the characteristic geometry of aneurysms prone to rupture and the blood flow patterns therein, using microsurgically produced aneurysms that simulated human middle cerebral artery aneurysms in scale and shape. METHODS We measured in vivo velocity profiles using our 20-MHz,(More)
We developed a portable needle-probe videomicroscope with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera to visualize the subendocardial microcirculation. In 12 open-chest anesthetized pigs, the sheathed needle probe with a doughnut-shaped balloon and a microtube for flushing away the intervening blood was introduced into the left ventricle through an incision in the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies in vitro have demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate our hypothesis that endothelium-derived H2O2 is an EDHF in vivo and plays an important role in coronary autoregulation. METHODS AND(More)
We have recently demonstrated that endogenous H2O2 plays an important role in coronary autoregulation in vivo. However, the role of H2O2 during coronary ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains to be examined. In this study, we examined whether endogenous H2O2 also plays a protective role in coronary I/R injury in dogs in vivo. Canine subepicardial small(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether hydroxyfasudil, a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor, exerts cardioprotective effect on coronary ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and, if so, whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved. BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that Rho-kinase is substantially involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases; however, it(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is involved in pacing-induced metabolic vasodilation in vivo. BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that endothelium-derived H2O2 is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor in canine coronary microcirculation in vivo. However, the role of endogenous H2O2 in metabolic coronary(More)
Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized in response to chemical and physical stimuli. Here, we investigated a possible role of the endothelial cell glycocalyx as a biomechanical sensor that triggers endothelial NO production by transmitting flow-related shear forces to the endothelial membrane. Isolated canine femoral arteries were perfused(More)
The accuracy of 20-MHz Doppler catheter coronary artery velocimetry (Millar Instruments) was evaluated by model experiments using a turntable and a flow tube. In the turntable experiments, the flow away from the catheter tip (away flow) was significantly lower than that toward the catheter (toward flow), but the measured velocities for both away and toward(More)
In order to evaluate the functional characteristics of the intramyocardial capacitance vessels during prolonged diastole, we analyzed the response of coronary vein flow after stepwise changes of coronary artery pressure in anesthetized open-chest dogs by using our newly developed laser Doppler velocimeter with an optical fiber. The peripheral portion of the(More)
In the present study, characteristics of the phasic flow pattern in the great cardiac vein and the mechanism of such pattern formation were investigated using a laser Doppler velocimeter with an optic fiber probe. The laser Doppler velocimeter allowed measurements of venous blood velocity under more physiological conditions than were possible with previous(More)