Osamu Hiramatsu

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OBJECTIVE The present study was undertaken to explore the relationship between the characteristic geometry of aneurysms prone to rupture and the blood flow patterns therein, using microsurgically produced aneurysms that simulated human middle cerebral artery aneurysms in scale and shape. METHODS We measured in vivo velocity profiles using our 20-MHz,(More)
We developed a portable needle-probe videomicroscope with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera to visualize the subendocardial microcirculation. In 12 open-chest anesthetized pigs, the sheathed needle probe with a doughnut-shaped balloon and a microtube for flushing away the intervening blood was introduced into the left ventricle through an incision in the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies in vitro have demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate our hypothesis that endothelium-derived H2O2 is an EDHF in vivo and plays an important role in coronary autoregulation. METHODS AND(More)
There is a paradoxical alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated coronary vasoconstriction whenever there is adrenergic activation of the heart, as during cardiovascular reflexes or exercise. A previous study demonstrated that this paradoxical vasoconstriction helps maintain blood flow to the vulnerable inner layer of the left ventricular wall during exercise, but the(More)
Poststenotic blood flow velocities were evaluated in nine patients with 75% to 99% stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) during coronary artery bypass graft surgery. We used the 20 MHz 80-channel pulsed Doppler velocimeter developed in our laboratory. An operator placed a specially designed probe on the native LAD with his fingers.(More)
In the present study, characteristics of the phasic flow pattern in the great cardiac vein and the mechanism of such pattern formation were investigated using a laser Doppler velocimeter with an optic fiber probe. The laser Doppler velocimeter allowed measurements of venous blood velocity under more physiological conditions than were possible with previous(More)
1. To evaluate the effects of cardiac contraction on intramyocardial (midwall) microvessels, we measured the phasic diameter change of left ventricular intramural arterioles and venules using a novel needle-probe videomicroscope with a CCD camera and compared it with the diameter change in subepicardial and subendocardial vessels. 2. The phasic diameter of(More)
To study the vasodilatory capacity of subendocardial (ENDO) arterioles, we evaluated the reactive hyperemic responses of ENDO as well as subepicardial (EPI) arterioles in 40 dogs by our needle-probe intravital microscope. We also examined the individual and combined effects of an ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker (glibenclamide, 200 micrograms/kg), an(More)
In order to evaluate the functional characteristics of the intramyocardial capacitance vessels during prolonged diastole, we analyzed the response of coronary vein flow after stepwise changes of coronary artery pressure in anesthetized open-chest dogs by using our newly developed laser Doppler velocimeter with an optical fiber. The peripheral portion of the(More)
Using high-resolution intravital charge-coupled device video microscopy, we visualized the epicardial capillary network of the beating canine heart in vivo to elucidate its functional role under control conditions, during reactive hyperemia (RH), and during intracoronary adenosine administration. The pencil-lens video-microscope probe was placed over(More)