Osama K. Zahid

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We demonstrate a solid-state nanopore assay for the unambiguous discrimination and quantification of modified DNA. Individual streptavidin proteins are employed as high-affinity tags for DNA containing a single biotin moiety. We establish that the rate of translocation events corresponds directly to relative concentration of protein-DNA complexes and use(More)
Solid-state nanopore electrical signatures can be convoluted and are thus challenging to interpret. In order to better understand the origin of these conductance changes, we investigate the translocation of DNA through small, thin pores over a range of voltage. We observe multiple, discrete populations of conductance blockades that vary with applied(More)
We study the binding of E. coli single-stranded binding protein (SSB) to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) using a solid-state nanopore assay. We find that saturated nucleoprotein complexes can be distinguished easily from free SSB, ssDNA, or double-stranded DNA individually and demonstrate that the high affinity of SSB for ssDNA can be exploited to achieve(More)
Caerulein-related peptides were identified in norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the tetraploid frog Xenopus borealis and the octoploid frog Xenopus amieti using negative ion electrospray mass spectrometry and their primary structures determined by positive ion tandem (MS/MS) mass spectrometry. X. borealis caerulein-B1(More)
Salicylaldehyde was found to have a high selectivity for zinc ions with simultaneous enhancement of fluorescence in aqueous buffer solution at optimum pH 8.5. The stoichiometry of the complex was determined to be 1:1 with a K a value of 3.4 × 104 M−1 at 298 K. The fluorescence of the complex is not affected by common anions and Zn2+ binds preferentially to(More)
The detection and quantification of short nucleic acid sequences has many potential applications in studying biological processes, monitoring disease initiation and progression, and evaluating environmental systems, but is challenging by nature. We present here an assay based on the solid-state nanopore platform for the identification of specific sequences(More)
5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5 hmC), the oxidized form of 5-methylcytosine (5 mC), is a base modification with emerging importance in biology and disease. However, like most epigenetic elements, it is transparent to many conventional genetic techniques and is thus challenging to probe. Here, we report a rapid solid-state nanopore assay that is capable of(More)
Many regulated epigenetic elements and base lesions found in genomic DNA can both directly impact gene expression and play a role in disease processes. However, due to their noncanonical nature, they are challenging to assess with conventional technologies. Here, we present a new approach for the targeted detection of diverse modified bases in DNA. We first(More)
Low-temperature pyrolysis of methionine-enkephalin-Arg-Gly-Leu has been carried out and the non-volatile residues have been analyzed. The fragments were separated and characterized by LC-UV/Vis-MS/MS. Two major types of pyrolysis products were identified by matching the experimental results with a theoretical list that contains the expected fragments. These(More)
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