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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibits granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-induced human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) growth in vitro. Incubation of blasts from three patients with AML in serum-free medium with TNF (10(3) U/ml), and subsequent binding studies using 125I-G-CSF reveal that TNF downregulates the numbers of G-CSF receptors by(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and Interleukin-3 (IL-3) are increasingly used to stimulate granulopoiesis in neutropenic patients but these are rarely used in the lights of knowledge of the endogenous CSF-levels. In this study we measured serum levels of GM-CSF and IL-3 at diagnosis and after remission in children with acute(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a major regulator of AML growth in vitro and markedly enhances AML growth induced by GM-CSF/IL-3. TNF, on the other hand, suppresses the G-CSF stimulated AML cell proliferation and serves as a modulator of growth factor receptors on AML cells. It upregulates GM-CSF and IL-3 receptors by a mechanism which depends on new protein(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) affects the growth of human leukaemic cells by different modes of action depending on the type of leukaemia involved. We have analysed the structure of TNF receptors on cells from different types of leukaemia, including acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL),(More)
The lymph node (LN) is the site of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cell activation and proliferation. Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression has been shown to have a role in CLL pathogenesis; however, a comparison of miRNA expression between CLL cells in the LN and the peripheral blood (PB) has previously not been reported. On the basis of the analysis of(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) acts as a potent enhancer of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)- and interleukin-3 (IL-3)-induced human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) growth in vitro. We have analyzed the effects of TNF alpha on the expression of GM-CSF and IL-3 receptors on AML cells. Incubation of blasts from seven patients with AML in(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Patients with liver cirrhosis present an increased susceptibility to the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), which is considered the cause of hospital admission in about 10% of patients and is present in about 40% of those admitted for ongoing complications. We tried to assess the prevalence of the SIRS with the(More)
Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-3 (IL-3) control the proliferation of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells in vitro. Previously, we have shown that receptors for GM-CSF and IL-3 are often coexpressed on AML cells. Here we present experiments with purified AML blasts, normal monocytes, and granulocytes that were(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients show high relapse rates and some develop conventional chemotherapy resistance. Leukemia Stem Cells (LSCs) are the main player for AML relapses and drug resistance. LSCs might rely on the B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site-1 (BMI-1) in promoting cellular proliferation and survival. Growth of(More)
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