Orvar Gunnarsson

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CONTEXT Adequate vitamin D status for optimum bone health has received increased recognition in recent years; however, the ideal intake is not known. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is the generally accepted indicator of vitamin D status, but no universal reference level has been reached. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relative importance of high calcium intake(More)
Axitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α, and c-kit. Phase I studies demonstrated 5 mg twice daily as the recommended starting dose with notable effects seen in renal cell carcinoma, an observation confirmed in Phase II trials. The trial of comparative effectivess of(More)
Patients diagnosed with an advanced cancer frequently have a very limited life expectancy and need to understand their prognosis in order to make good choices about care. Advance care planning (ACP) is an important aspect of this care but can be especially difficult to address. Most patients and families prefer direct and honest communication, but they may(More)
BACKGROUND Salvage treatment with either conventional-dose chemotherapy (CDCT) or high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HDCT) offers curative potential for patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumor (GCT). However, the optimal initial salvage strategy remains controversial, and the criteria for appropriate patient(More)
We describe a 77 year old man with a prior history of recurrent airway infections, who presented with a history of cough, dyspnea and increased mucous production that had lasted several months. On chest X-ray a pleural effusion was observed. Subsequent thoracocentesis demonstrated an exudate with predominant eosinophils. An infectious cause was ruled out.(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with multiple metabolic complications, previously predominantly evaluated in the white population. METHODS A chart-based retrospective review was conducted on black patients with PCa, considered for ADT, from September 2007 to July 2010. Baseline data were collected on(More)
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