Ortwin Meyer

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The homodimeric nickel-containing CO dehydrogenase from the anaerobic bacterium Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans catalyzes the oxidation of CO to CO2. A crystal structure of the reduced enzyme has been solved at 1.6 angstrom resolution. This structure represents the prototype for Ni-containing CO dehydrogenases from anaerobic bacteria and archaea. It(More)
The 17 (S), 30 (M) and 87 kDa (L) subunits of CO dehydrogenases from the CO-oxidizing bacteria Pseudomonas carboxydoflava, Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena and Pseudomonas carboxydovorans OM5 were isolated and purified. The N-terminal sequences of same subunits from different bacteria showed distinct homologies. Dot blot hybridization employing(More)
Sequence, transcriptional, mutational and physiological analyses indicate that the carbon monoxide (CO) dehydrogenase of Oligotropha carboxidovorans is an integral and unique part of an elaborate CO oxidizing system. It is encoded by the 14.5kb gene cluster coxBCMSLDEFGHIK residing on the 128kb megaplasmid pHCG3. The CO dehydrogenase structural genes coxMSL(More)
Several decades after the discovery of selenium as an essential trace element in vertebrates approximately 20 eukaryotic and more than 15 prokaryotic selenoproteins containing the 21st proteinogenic amino acid, selenocysteine, have been identified, partially characterized or cloned from several species. Many of these proteins are involved in redox reactions(More)
The utilization of carbon monoxide as energy and/or carbon source by different physiological groups of bacteria is described and compared. Utilitarian CO oxidation which is coupled to the generation of energy for growth is achieved by aerobic and anaerobic eu- and archaebacteria. They belong to the physiological groups of aerobic carboxidotrophic,(More)
Vinyl acetate is subject to microbial degradation in the environment and by pure cultures. It was hydrolyzed by samples of soil, sludge, and sewage at rates of up to 6.38 and 1 mmol/h per g (dry weight) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, respectively. Four yeasts and thirteen bacteria that feed aerobically on vinyl acetate were isolated. The pathway of(More)
Oligotropha carboxidovorans harbors the low-copy-number, circular, 133,058-bp DNA megaplasmid pHCG3, which is essential in the chemolithoautotrophic utilization of CO (carboxidotrophy), H(2) (hydrogenotrophy) and CO(2) under aerobic conditions. The complete nucleotide sequence of pHCG3 revealed 125 open reading frames. Of these, 95 were identified as(More)
Crystal structures of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH), a seleno-molybdo-iron-sulfur flavoprotein from the aerobic carbon monoxide utilizing carboxidotrophic eubacterium Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava, have been determined from the enzyme synthesized at high (Mo(plus) CODH) and low intracellular molybdenum content (Mo(minus) CODH) at 2.25 A and 2.35 A(More)
Two monofunctional NiFeS carbon monoxide (CO) dehydrogenases, designated CODH I and CODH II, were purified to homogeneity from the anaerobic CO-utilizing eubacterium Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans. Both enzymes differ in their subunit molecular masses, N-terminal sequences, peptide maps, and immunological reactivities. Immunogold labeling of ultrathin(More)