Orsolya Dohán

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The sodium/iodide symporter mediates active iodide transport in both healthy and cancerous thyroid tissue. By exploiting this activity, radioiodide has been used for decades with considerable success in the detection and treatment of thyroid cancer. Here we show that a specialized form of the sodium/iodide symporter in the mammary gland mediates active(More)
The Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) is an integral plasma membrane glycoprotein that mediates active I(-) transport into the thyroid follicular cells, the first step in thyroid hormone biosynthesis. NIS-mediated thyroidal I(-) transport from the bloodstream to the colloid is a vectorial process made possible by the selective targeting of NIS to the basolateral(More)
PURPOSE The Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) is a key plasma membrane protein that mediates active iodide (I(-)) transport in the thyroid, lactating breast, and other tissues. Functional NIS expression in thyroid cancer accounts for the longstanding success of radioactive iodide ((131)I) ablation of metastases after thyroidectomy. Breast cancer is the only other(More)
IFN-gamma has been implicated with contradictory results in the pathogenetic process of autoimmune (Hashimoto's) thyroiditis, the most common cause of hypothyroidism in adults. To test whether the local production of IFN-gamma can lead to thyroid dysfunction, we have generated transgenic mice that express constitutively IFN-gamma in the thyroid follicular(More)
Here we report the analysis of the Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) protein expression in 57 thyroid cancer samples by immunohistochemistry with high-affinity anti-NIS Abs. As many as 70% of these samples exhibited increased NIS expression with respect to the normal surrounding thyroid tissue. Most significantly, NIS was located in these samples either in both(More)
The Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) is a key plasma membrane protein that mediates active I(-) uptake in the thyroid, lactating breast, and other tissues with an electrogenic stoichiometry of 2 Na(+) per I(-). In the thyroid, NIS-mediated I(-) uptake is the first step in the biosynthesis of the iodine-containing thyroid hormones, which are essential early in(More)
UNLABELLED Pertechnetate (as (99m)TcO(4)(-)), (123)I(-), and (131)I(-) have a long and successful history of use in the diagnosis and therapy of thyroid cancer, with uptake into thyroid tissue mediated by the sodium-iodide symporter (NIS). NIS has also emerged as a potential target for radiotherapy of nonthyroid malignancies that express the endogenous or(More)
The Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) is a plasma membrane glycoprotein that mediates active iodide uptake in the thyroid-the essential first step in thyroid hormone biosynthesis-and in other tissues, such as salivary and lactating mammary glands. Thyroidal radioiodide uptake has been used for over 60 years in the diagnosis and effective treatment of thyroid(More)
Active iodide uptake in the thyroid is mediated by the Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS), a key plasma membrane glycoprotein. Several NIS mutations have been shown to cause I(-) transport defect, a condition that, if untreated, can lead to congenital hypothyroidism and, ultimately, cretinism. The study of I(-) transport defect-causing NIS mutations provides(More)
The sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) mediates a remarkably effective targeted radioiodide therapy in thyroid cancer; this approach is an emerging candidate for treating other cancers that express NIS, whether endogenously or by exogenous gene transfer. Thus far, the only extrathyroidal malignancy known to express functional NIS endogenously is breast cancer.(More)